Also known as swimmer’s ear. Swimmer’s ear (External otitis) is persistent irritation and inflammation of the external ear canal. There may also be an infection. Layers of peeling of the skin (eczema) may develop in the canal. When scratching eczema, the skin cracks and bacteria and fungi invade the ear canal. Swimming in dirty water is one of the ways to catch this disease.
When the earwax is attempted to be cleared from the canal, the skin becomes irritated, itchy or torn. This causes that person to confuse his ear more with his favorite “tool” (clip etc.). There is one more risk. 0 is the probability of piercing the eardrum. Hair sprays and hair dyes can also irritate the ear canal. External otitis swimmer’s ear is sometimes caused by fungus.
Aspergillus niger is the most common fungus. Its symptoms are the same as with urukculosis. Furunculosis is a condition of repeated boils and begins when a hair follicle in the ear canal becomes infected. This condition recurs frequently. External otitis (swimmer’s ear) occurs in young adults.
What are the symptoms?
• Itching of the outer ear canal
• Formation of yellow or green yellow foul-smelling pus in the ear
• Pain in the ear with the movement of the head
• Hearing loss.
If you have itching in your ear, scaling in your ear, or pain in your ear canal, these may be signs of an external ear infection. Often there is a yellowish or yellowish green discharge from the ear, and sometimes the pain is relieved after this discharge. If inflammation or swelling of the tissue obstructs the ear canal, there may be a decrease in hearing.
Doctors diagnose external otitis media by looking into the ear canal with an instrument called an otoscope. If there is inflammation, a sample can be taken and sent to the laboratory.
Although most external ear infections are uncomfortable, they are usually not dangerous when properly treated. If this infection is not treated, especially in diabetics, it can spread to the surrounding bones and cartilage and damage it.
If you suspect you have swimmer’s ear, you can do some things to relieve the pain before going to the doctor. It is helpful to put a warm (not hot) small pillow over your ear. Aspirin or another pain reliever will also reduce the pain.
After diagnosis, your doctor is expected to clean the ear canal with a suction tool or cotton swab. This can make the irritation and pain go away. The doctor may then recommend one of several treatment methods. An ear drop with a corticosteroid (to stop itching and reduce inflammation) and an antibiotic (to control the infection) are usually given. Sometimes oral pills can also be used. Painkillers are recommended as there is severe pain. Care should be taken not to get water into the ear during recovery.
If there is no visible improvement after 3 or 4 days, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics to be taken by mouth. If the causative organism is determined by laboratory tests, the antibiotic that will specifically affect it is selected. If the external ear infection (swimmer’s ear) is caused by fungus, sulfanilamide powder is sprinkled and if it is caused by uruncolysis, it is treated with antibiotics taken orally or given as ear drops. Especially when the cause is fungus, this situation can repeat many times.
External otitis is usually preventable. Do not swim in dirty water. Dry your ears after bathing and swimming. The dampness of the ear canal makes it easier to get an infection. Cover your ear holes with small lambswool balls while dyeing your hair or using hairspray. These are waterproof.