The most common external ear problems in daily otolaryngology practice are earwax accumulation, eczema in the external ear entrance, external ear canal inflammations and ear canal foreign bodies. Less frequently, auricle inflammations and tumors are seen, which are directly noticeable by the patient.
Earwax (plug): It is explained in the short questions and answers section.
Eczema of the External Ear Canal: Eczema is a skin condition that is accompanied by itching, drying and dandruff on the skin. This can sometimes occur at the entrance of the external ear canal along with other parts of the skin. It is often confused with fungus because it is itchy. Ear fungus is often a painful condition that develops after ear infections and is more severe than itching.
External Ear Canal Inflammations: The most important reason is ear scratching and mixing habits. It is common in the summer months, which is the sea and pool period (swimmer’s ear). Normally, if the eardrum is intact, there is no harm in getting water into the ear. However, if the escaping water is very germ or if we tamper too much to remove the escaping water, inflammation will result. With the swelling of the ear canal, obstruction, hearing loss (temporary) and severe ear pain begin. Swelling and redness can sometimes reach the auricle. The pain increases with touching and chewing the ear socket. It should be known that inflammation of the outer ear and auricle can be very severe and severe in diabetic patients. Sometimes inpatient treatment may be required in external ear infections, which do not improve with simple treatments, fever and general condition disorder are added.
Foreign bodies: It is a condition that is mostly seen in children. It should not be forgotten that young children may have the behavior of putting small objects into their nose and ears, and such items should not be left out. (A piece of paper, rice, lentils, play dough, watch batteries, pen nibs, small number beads, etc.) More cotton pieces may be in the ear in adults. Apart from these, sometimes small insects can also enter the ear. It is very inconvenient to try to remove foreign bodies by the patient and their relatives, it must be removed by an ENT specialist. Otherwise, the eardrum may be damaged.