The incidence of heart attacks increases in autumn and winter. It may be possible to reduce the effect of cold weather on heart diseases with prevention methods. These methods include choosing clothes, adapting exercise plans, arranging drug therapy, vaccination.
- The Most Comfortable Temperature is 20-25 Degrees
Sudden temperature changes between seasons can affect human health. The average temperature of 20-25 degrees, known as the most comfortable temperature for the human body. At these temperatures, people feel much more comfortable. Because the heat loss we make through our skin and the system that communicates with the outside works very well at this temperature. Since the veins on the skin are not too wide or narrow, the heart works with resistance and load close to ideal. If this temperature rises or falls too much, our body can give a lot of symptoms because our body has difficulty in adapting.
- Weather Conditions Affect Patients with Heart Failure More
The most important, as we all know, are lung diseases such as influenza, colds and pneumonia in winter conditions. This and similar diseases are experienced intensely during the winter months. On the other hand, it is observed that gastrointestinal diseases transmitted through nutrition and food are much more common in summer months. Since microbes reproduce faster in hot weather, these diseases are more common, and it is possible to make such a general distinction between summer and winter months. Patients with heart failure are more affected by diseases that increase the frequency of weather conditions in both summer and winter months. The additional burden that occurs in patients with heart failure, unlike in healthy people, may worsen the failure. Therefore, before these conditions come, vaccination against infectious diseases, compliance with hygiene rules and vaccination can be very useful for protection.
- Our Heart Doesn’t Like Cold Weather
Even if you are only a person without heart disease, cold weather will increase the load on your heart several times. Additional work will increase even more. For this, it is necessary not to stay outside for a long time in cold weather and not to do heavy work. They should not stay outside as much as possible, pay attention to our clothing and not do heavy work in the outdoor environment. Long walks outside of work can also be inconvenient. Those who walk against the wind in the cold may have different problems. Because there is something that our patients who come with the complaint of heart disease especially describe: “I have a pain in my chest as I walk against the wind with my bag in my hand on a full stomach”says.
It is important in reducing the risks that cardiac patients should be checked during the winter and consult their cardiologists to determine the possible risks.