Orthodontics in Children

Braces treatment can be started in children after the deciduous teeth have fallen and the permanent teeth have erupted. Before braces treatment, a panoramic film should be taken and it should be evaluated whether there is caries, supernumerary or missing teeth in the mouth.

HOW TO CORRECT JAW DISORDERS IN CHILDREN?

Incompatibilities in the jaws are treated with various devices applied inside and outside the mouth. Age is a very important factor as these treatments are orthopedic treatments that concern bones.

It is very important that the growth and development continues for the treatments of jaw retardation or jaw forwardness. Therefore, the best time for skeletal treatments is adolescence (9-13 years). Growth and development in girls can be completed earlier than in boys. Therefore, clinical and radiological examination and treatment at an early age are very important. Treatment planning and the devices to be used are patient-specific. In this period, facial structure disorders, jaw relationship, speech and chewing functions can be corrected at an early age by making use of growth and development.

WHAT TREATMENTS ARE GIVEN TO CHILD PATIENTS?

Early diagnosis and treatment of disorders is very important. The first orthodontic examination should be done at the age of 4-5 with the completion of the primary teeth. During this period, preventive/preventive treatments are applied.

  • If the child has thumb sucking, lip sucking, nail biting, pacifier/bottle use, mouth breathing, these problems are treated in the early period and the problem is prevented from becoming more advanced.

  • If there is stenosis of the jaw, the stenosis should be resolved with jaw expansion appliances and sufficient jaw size should be prepared for permanent teeth.

  • If there are prematurely lost milk teeth, placeholders should be made to protect their positions.

  • If there is anterior open bite, tongue thrust, and abnormal swallowing, the underlying factor should be questioned and protective appliances should be applied.

  • If there are impacted teeth, the sustainability of these teeth and whether they damage the neighboring teeth should be checked.

  • If there are crossed/reverse-closing teeth, the causative factor should be investigated and eliminated.

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