What is orthodontics?
Orthodontics is the science that treats the deterioration of the harmony of the teeth and jaws with respect to the face and each other, and the crowding of the teeth.
Why do orthodontic problems occur?
Although most of the orthodontic problems are hereditary, it is one of the structural problems that affect the respiratory tract that occur afterwards. (adenoid and tonsil enlargement etc.),from various bad habits (finger or pacifier sucking etc.)may occur due to the loss of teeth and surrounding tissues.
What are the symptoms of orthodontic problems?
Orthodontic problems manifest with deformities in the face and teeth, loss of functions such as chewing and biting.
Timing of orthodontic treatment in children
After the eruption of milk teeth in children is completed, they should definitely be brought to the doctor’s control. In some cases where the harmony of the jaws is disturbed, early interventions can be made by following the growth and development.
The importance of orthodontic treatment at an early age
Early diagnosis is very important in treatments involving the jawbones, directed by various devices of growth and development.
In cases of severe crowding, it is possible to facilitate orthodontic treatment by directing the eruption of primary teeth.
How long does orthodontic treatment take?
The variety of treatment to be performed and the patient’s compliance and cooperation with the devices they should use affect the duration of the treatment considerably.
Active treatments take an average of 12 months if the patients do not have compatibility problems with their jaws. The continuation must be a consolidation period that will last at least as long as the active treatment period.
living with braces
It’s like using a new pair of glasses or shoes. Your first encounter is trouble-free, but it will require some getting used to. There will be minor discomforts in the first days. There may be a response in the form of pain to the forces applied to the teeth, but this pain does not last more than 3-4 days and is a pain that responds to painkillers.
Although the existence of the devices is forgotten later, the first days may seem like a lot. Irritations may occur in the mouth, of course, there are medical treatments and preventive drugs.
While there are orthodontic appliances in the mouth, the list of prohibitions given by your doctor must be followed.
Otherwise, the deformations that occur in the devices may affect the processes in your treatment and cause the treatment period to be prolonged.
It is very important because bruises and permanent stains occur in areas that are not brushed well. Serious diseases and gingival enlargements are seen in the gums.
It is generally in 4-week periods, it can be between 2-6 weeks depending on the need.
Getting used to orthodontic treatment
It takes an average of 1 week. Afterwards, many patients say that they forgot the existence of the wires and got used to it.
Eating and drinking habits
It is mentioned in the list given by your doctor.
Pain and mobility in teeth (Shaking)
If there is no clinically and radiologically detected problem before, there may be pain and wobble in the teeth completely caused by orthodontic forces, the pain is not continuous, it may be periodic, these complaints are the result of a physiological process.
It is the most important factor affecting the success and duration of the treatment. Orthodontic treatments are treatments that require the participation of patients. Like all medical treatments, devices are used instead of drugs. Just as in medicated treatments, there will be no treatment if the prescription is not adhered to, and in orthodontics, the x-prescription is the instruction for use that your doctor tells you. %one hundredSuccess cannot be expected.
12 years and older orthodontics
Orthodontics can be performed at any age as long as there is no disease or cooperation problem that will affect the treatment.
It is not correct to generalize, it cannot be said that this age is definitely suitable.
Orthodontic treatment can be performed in cases such as jaw alignment problem, swallowing problem, jaw stenosis, thumb sucking, as early as 4-5 years of age, and at almost any age in adults in cases of crowding.
Treatment options and appliances used
Intraoral appliance Fixed and mobileis divided into two.
Extra-oral appliances are devices such as chinrest, face mask and head gear.
What are the risks in orthodontic treatment?
If oral hygiene is not well maintained, cavities and permanent staining may occur, gum diseases may occur, and gingival enlargement may occur.
Rarely, root resorption and darkening of the tooth, which we call necrosis, can be seen due to the application of force in teeth with weak root structure. However, this is a very rare situation, and these problems can be solved with root canal treatment and bleaching treatment.