Orthodontics is a specialty of dentistry that evaluates the relationship between crooked and mismatched teeth, diagnoses deteriorated conditions and makes necessary treatments. Orthodontics is also responsible for the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of incompatibilities in the jaws and unwanted images as well as incompatibilities in the teeth.

With orthodontics, the teeth and sometimes the jaws are brought to the right positions without any reduction in the teeth, and your own smile is provided with your own teeth that are positioned in a regular way. Crowded, incompletely erupted teeth can cause gingival recession, gingival disease, and premature tooth loss. Although they can be brushed and cleaned with dental floss because they are in the mouth, it is not always possible to provide complete oral hygiene, which leads to tooth decay.

For these reasons, orthodontic treatment becomes very important. It is possible to treat improperly positioned teeth easily at any age. The process of the treatment, whether it will be fixed orthodontic treatment or orthodontic treatment with transparent aligners, is decided together with the orthodontist and the patient.

If the crowding in the teeth and jaws of the individual is due to skeletal reasons, the desired tooth alignment can be achieved by detecting this situation at an early age (10-12 years). Skeletal problems can be solved in advanced ages, but the process is longer and some surgical procedures may be required from time to time.

What is the Orthodontic Treatment Process?

If fixed orthodontic treatment will be performed;

When orthodontic treatment decision is made, planning is made by taking an oral measurement in the first session. Then, according to this plan, wires and brackets are placed and the teeth are started to be positioned.

At intervals of 3-6 weeks (this interval is determined by the orthodontist), the necessary adjustments, changes and elastics are applied in the appointments and the treatment is continued until the targeted tooth alignment.

When the treatment is terminated, it is passed to the stage called reinforcement therapy. This process and treatment method (transparent plaque – retainer application) varies from person to person.

If an orthodontic treatment will be performed with transparent plaques;

The digital measurement of the individual is taken or the plaster model obtained by taking a direct measurement is scanned and the planning stage is started.

After the planning is approved, the stages to be passed through the treatment process are determined and transparent plaques are produced.

Treatment is continued under the supervision of an orthodontist at regular intervals and in a controlled manner by using transparent plaques at intervals determined.

At the end of the treatment, the consolidation phase is started.

What is Orthodontic Treatment for?

First of all, a beautiful smile, chewing and speaking function is provided. With a beautiful smile, there is an increase in self-confidence. More easily cleaned teeth and interdental spaces are obtained.

How Is Oral Care Done During Orthodontic Treatment?

Brackets attached to the teeth create a very risky environment for caries, as they create too many retaining surfaces. Therefore, the areas where the brackets attach to the surface of the teeth, as well as the surfaces and spaces of all teeth, should be cleaned regularly every day. Surface cleaning should be done by using suitable toothbrushes according to wires and brackets. The spaces between brackets and wires should be kept hygienic with products such as interface brushes and mouthwashes. Otherwise, food residues clinging to the increased holding surfaces can easily cause problems such as bad breath, gingival redness, gingival swelling, tooth decay.

Orthognathic Surgery

Some disorders may be skeletal (jawbone) rather than dental. Such situations can be resolved with referral treatments if they can be caught before the development ends.

However, sometimes the development cannot be directed as desired or if no intervention is made, after the development period ends, the bones can be removed and added with various special surgical techniques and disorders can be regulated. At this point, the incompatibilities of the jaw bones are arranged and the teeth that were previously adjusted with orthodontic treatment are turned into closure. These surgical procedures are performed under general anesthesia and are called orthognathic surgery.

Orthodontic Reinforcement Treatment

At the end of orthodontic treatment, usually at the end of the treatment, no intervention is made on the teeth with brackets and wires or transparent plaques without any intervention. During this period, mineralization of the jawbone is expected to increase. In the reinforcement treatment, it is aimed to fix the obtained positions of the teeth.

How Long Does Orthodontic Treatment Take?

Unfortunately, it is not possible to give an exact time for orthodontic treatment. Even after the intraoral examination, only an interval can be given. Because orthodontic treatment can vary a lot depending on the bone structure of the individual, the use of the given elastics, how much attention is paid to the warnings, etc.

Orthodontic Treatment with Transparent Plaques

Wire-free orthodontic treatments applied to correct dental disorders with custom-made clear aligners (aligners) are generally referred to as orthodontic treatment with clear aligners.

The most important reason for using transparent plates is; The absence of an image of the wires and brackets used during orthodontic treatment, and even the fact that a plaque is usually not even noticed.

When using transparent aligners, a check-up appointment is made with an orthodontist every 3-4 weeks. And the transition to new records is organized. Usually, the plaque is changed every 2 weeks and the plaques are delivered to the individual by the orthodontist.

It can be easily removed and put on while eating, drinking or brushing teeth.

Transparent plaques can be applied to individuals of all ages. Compliance with this treatment is determined after the examination of the orthodontist.

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