Orthodontics It is the branch of dentistry that regulates the relationship between crooked teeth and incompatible jaws with the help of a number of apparatus. Dentists who undertake orthodontic treatment are called orthodontists. Orthodontic treatment is applied during the milk teeth period and the problems that arise due to habits such as thumb sucking and lip biting are eliminated during this period. With orthodontic treatment, a permanent disorder in the skeletal structure of the jaw is prevented. Mixed dentition is also within the scope of orthodontics. During this period, both milk teeth and permanent teeth are present in the mouth. If the milk teeth are lost early and cannot guide the permanent teeth coming from below, space narrowing occurs. Orthodontics deals with the elimination of these narrow spaces. At the same time, jaw development continues in this period. Incompatibility between the jaws, which occurs as a result of the development of the lower and upper jaws not occurring in harmony with each other, is also within the scope of orthodontics. In the permanent teeth period, orthodontics deals with the correction of the disorders in the tooth series. Treatment of irregularities due to gingival diseases and the treatment of congenitally missing or subsequently lost teeth are also included in the scope of orthodontics.
Before starting orthodontic treatment, all caries and gingival diseases in the mouth should be treated. Regardless of the form of fixed orthodontic treatment or removable orthodontic treatment, oral hygiene should be considered during orthodontic treatment. If a removable orthodontic appliance is used, the appliance should be removed and the teeth should be brushed after meals. The hygiene of the orthodontic appliance should be given the same attention.
Brackets used in fixed orthodontic treatment are very suitable areas for the accumulation of food residues. For this reason, food residues between brackets and wires are carefully cleaned by using orthodontic toothbrushes after meals. If oral hygiene is not taken care of, it is inevitable that caries and gingival problems will occur during orthodontic treatment.
Orthodontic treatment is a long-term treatment and there are monthly check-ups. For this reason, the person should be willing for orthodontic treatment and should not delay their appointments. In case of any breakage, rupture or dislocation of the orthodontic appliance used in any way, it is necessary to consult an orthodontist without wasting time, as the treatment may be adversely affected.
Reinforcement treatment is very important in orthodontic treatment. Reinforcement treatment must be strictly followed in order to maintain the position of the teeth.