Orthodontic Treatment Methods

Fixed Orthodontic Treatment

The treatment performed with small force transmitters called “brackets” attached to the teeth is called fixed orthodontic treatment. As the name suggests, the brackets are fixed on the tooth by the orthodontist and cannot be removed by the patient during the treatment. Brackets are basically divided into two groups as metal and ceramic (porcelain). Although both types of brackets have their own advantages, both types of brackets can be used effectively in adults and children. After the brackets are glued on the teeth, they are connected to each other with an “arch wire”. “Shape memory” archwires, produced with advanced technology from a mixture of nickel and titanium, try to bring the teeth into the desired shape. After the brackets are applied to the teeth and the wires are placed, the teeth begin to move. In the first 72 hours, there will be sensations such as compression, pressure, numbness, and inability to step on the teeth, these feelings are the harbinger of the first movement in our teeth. During this period, minor irritations can be observed on the cheeks and lips. Oral tissues will get used to the wires and brackets in a short time and your discomfort will be completely gone by the end of the first week.

Removable Appliances

They are appliances that can be put on and taken off by the patient, consisting of wires that provide holding in the mouth with the acrylic palate part. These appliances are used to make simple tooth movements, to widen narrow jaws in children, and in some cases to prepare for treatment before fixed treatment or for reinforcement after treatment. The wearing times of removable appliances will be determined by your orthodontist.

Functional Appliances

They are special appliances that mostly patients can put on and take off at a young age before puberty in order to correct the deteriorated relations of the lower and upper jaws with each other (skeletal problems). It is used with fixed orthodontic appliances, especially in cases where the lower or upper jaw is behind or in front.

Orthognathic Surgery (Orthodontics+Surgery)

In cases that cannot be corrected with orthodontic or orthopedic treatment, surgical corrections are applied in addition to orthodontic treatment. Jaw and face disorders may be congenital or may occur later due to accidents and diseases. The incompatibility of the jaws with respect to each other and the face causes both aesthetic, functional and psychological disorders in patients. With the developing technological applications and plastic surgery applications, these disorders are corrected.

Orthognathic Surgery (Orthodontics+Surgery)

In cases that cannot be corrected with orthodontic or orthopedic treatment, surgical corrections are applied in addition to orthodontic treatment. Jaw and face disorders may be congenital or may occur later due to accidents and diseases. The incompatibility of the jaws with respect to each other and the face causes both aesthetic, functional and psychological disorders in patients. With the developing technological applications and plastic surgery applications, these disorders are corrected.

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