Orthodontic treatment helps the teeth to be in the correct position by helping the development of the jaw at young ages, and corrects the existing crowding and closing disorders in adults.
What is the best time to go to the orthodontist?
Orthodontics The first control for treatment begins between the ages of 4 and 5 years. There is no need to worry too much about the position of the first teeth (milk teeth) in children. The spaces between these teeth are an indicator of natural development. Tight contacts, as in adults’ teeth, may be an indication of future tightness and therefore crowding in the teeth. Permanent teeth begin to erupt at the age of 6-7, but between the ages of 7-9, there are not many problems until the incisors erupt. However, all milk teeth should be kept in place until they are replaced by permanent ones. Even if your family doctor refers you to an orthodontist at an early age, this does not always mean that treatment will be started very early. Most careful dentists want to make sure that a potential problem is under control and that the optimal time for treatment has not passed. While it is necessary to intervene in jaw problems in children at an early age, there is time for treatment only in cases where the teeth show irregularity.
How many types of orthodontic treatment are there?
There are two types of orthodontic treatment, fixed and mobile. Fixed devices can only be inserted and removed by the physician, while mobile devices can also be attached and removed by the patient. Fixed appliances also have 2 types, made by the tongue or cheek. Fixed appliances are the most commonly used type of orthodontic appliances. With these, different types of tooth movement can be performed on many teeth. In addition, fixed appliances are the only type of orthodontic appliances that can give different movements to different teeth at the same time. An advantage of fixed appliances is that less patient compliance is required than removable appliances, because, as the name suggests, they are attached to the teeth and remain fixed. Fixed appliances consist of bands, brackets and wires.
Can adults undergo orthodontic treatment?
Adult patients can also move their teeth, so there is no time limit for such treatments. It may be possible that increasing age prolongs the treatment period and complicates the treatment somewhat. However, the age factor is not as important as the healthy supporting tissues of the teeth.
Why is orthodontic treatment necessary?
Although not always, closing irregularities that require orthodontic treatment may cause pain, noise or similar problems in the jaw joint or exacerbate these complaints. Ideally aligning the teeth and bringing them to the closure prevents excessive loads that will occur during the function. In addition, the importance of properly arranged teeth with ideal contact relations is of great importance in the protection of oral health and the prevention of caries and gingival diseases. In addition, irregularities in your teeth will become more severe as you age. In other words, the appearance of your teeth will become more uncomfortable in the long term.
Orthodontic Implant Applications:
The frequency of use of orthodontic implants during treatment is one of the methods that has been increasing in recent years. A force is needed to replace the slipped tooth. Mini-implants designed to gain strength for orthodontic purposes are used. These very small implants are attached to the tooth with special rubbers and the tooth is moved.
Will orthodontic treatment return?
Following all orthodontic treatments, a secondary treatment period, which we call “reinforcement”, is applied. It should be noted that the patient’s treatment is not yet over. This is necessary for the teeth moved after orthodontic treatment to get used to their new positions and to maintain this position without deteriorating in the tongue-lip-cheek balance. If the reinforcement treatment is not followed, the treatment will return. Reinforcement treatment can be sustained with wires attached to the back surface of the teeth, movable plates or transparent, plastic-based materials, depending on the case. This treatment can be abandoned after a while, or it can be continued for a very long time, depending on the type of initial disorder.
Things to consider during orthodontic treatment:
Before starting orthodontic treatment, all caries and gum diseases in the mouth should be treated.
Regardless of whether it is fixed or mobile, oral hygiene should be considered during orthodontic treatment.
If a removable appliance is used, the appliance should be removed and the teeth should be brushed after meals. Equal attention should be paid to the hygiene of the appliance. Brackets used in fixed treatment are very suitable areas for the accumulation of food residues. For this reason, food residues between brackets and wires are carefully cleaned by using orthodontic toothbrushes after meals. If oral hygiene is not taken care of, cavities and gingival problems are inevitable.
Orthodontic treatment is a long-term treatment and monthly check-ups are in question. For this reason, the person should be willing and not delay their appointments.
An orthodontist should be consulted without wasting time, as the treatment may be adversely affected in case of breakage, rupture or dislocation of the appliances used in any way.
Reinforcement therapy is very important. This treatment must be strictly followed in order to maintain the position of the teeth.