Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

Oral and Maxillofacial Diseases and Surgery is a surgical branch of dentistry that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, injuries and deformities related to the mouth, teeth and jaws.

Some situations that are not normal in the jawbone, teeth or gums of people can only be resolved with a surgical intervention. Surgical interventions that must be performed on the mouth, teeth and jawbone are mandatory and necessary interventions for the continuity of the person’s oral and dental health.

Simple tooth extraction is the technique used to extract the teeth visible in the mouth. It is performed under local anesthesia. In simple tooth extraction, the tooth is held with the help of a tool. Before the tooth is extracted, it is loosened by making forward-backward movements. This movement can sometimes be done with the help of a tool that enters between the tooth and the gingiva. Thus, the tooth is extracted with the least trauma.

Surgical extraction, on the other hand, is the technique used in the extraction of teeth that cannot be seen easily in the mouth, broken at the gingival margin or unerupted. In some cases, there may be bone on the tooth that needs to be removed. After the tooth to be extracted is divided into sections, it may need to be removed. In these cases, surgical extraction is applied. As in normal shooting, the procedure can be performed with local anesthesia. In order to reach the tooth, the gingiva must be opened. In order to reach the tooth, bone removal is done with Er:YAG.

The last teeth to erupt in our mouth are the wisdom teeth. Because they usually last in the twenties, they are also called with this name or wisdom teeth. In some people, there is no congenital wisdom tooth germ. Therefore, wisdom teeth never erupt in these people. However, sometimes these teeth cause eruption problems even though they are formed. It may be necessary to remove the wisdom teeth due to lack of space in the jaw or for various reasons.

As with three-rooted maxillary molars, the removal of a single root of teeth with a large number of roots is called root resection. In some cases, the crown supported by the root to be removed (the part of the tooth that can be seen in the mouth) may also need to be removed. Root canal treatment is required before the procedure.

Tubers are round-shaped bony prominences located in the upper jaw behind the last molar. They are covered with gingiva. If all your teeth are in your mouth, tubers are usually not a problem for you. However, if you lose your upper teeth and need a denture, the tubers will droop from other parts of your upper jaw, which may cause the denture mismatch. A wide tuber prevents the sealing of the prosthesis between the jawbone and the roof of the mouth.

Inability to complete root canal treatment due to structure or deformity of the tooth root,
If the instrument is broken during Root Canal Treatment, if the broken instrument must be removed, in order to remove the instrument,
Inability to perform root canal treatment due to the presence of an unremovable restoration on the tooth,
In cases where a cyst occurs at the root of the tooth,
In cases where the patient’s pain persists despite the root canal treatment,
It is applied in cases where the 1/3 end of the tooth root is broken in the bone.

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