Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

Wisdom teeth are the third molars that usually erupt between the ages of 16-25, 4 in total. Although it is called wisdom teeth, in some special cases it can last even at a much later age.

-What kind of problems does it cause when wisdom teeth come out?

Since everyone’s jaw and tooth structure are not the same, these teeth do not always cause problems when they come out. However, in some people, it may give symptoms such as pain spreading to the ears and jaw, swelling in the gums, restriction in mouth opening.

My twenty-year-old teeth didn’t come out. How do you know if it’s embedded?

When your dentist examines you and takes x-rays, he or she evaluates whether your wisdom teeth are formed, the position of the tooth and whether it can come out on its own.

Why do wisdom teeth remain impacted?

These teeth, which are at the back and last to erupt in the jaws, may not find enough space in the mouth due to the position of the adjacent tooth, the structure of the bone on them or the thickness of the gingiva. In this case, they remain partially or completely embedded in the bone or under the gingiva.

-Is it obligatory to extract the wisdom teeth?

It is not necessary to extract the wisdom teeth that have erupted in a way that does not disrupt the tooth sequence and are in the lower-upper bite. However, advanced caries, pain in neighboring teeth, infection in the bone, cyst formation at the root tip, etc. 20-year-old teeth observed should be extracted.

-Is the extraction of wisdom teeth different from normal tooth extraction?

There is no difference in the extraction of wisdom teeth seen in the mouth from other tooth extractions. However, “surgical extraction” (surgical extraction) may be required for impacted wisdom teeth.

-What should I pay attention to after tooth extraction?

Do not consume food after tooth extraction until the effect of anesthesia wears off. Apply cold compresses (ice) at five-minute intervals for the first 24 hours to reduce pain and swelling. Do not spit, vacuum or gargle for the first 24 hours in order to prevent clotting and increase bleeding. Use the medicines prescribed by your doctor. Avoid very hot, spicy, acidic and grainy foods. There may be seams in the mouth, be careful that the seams remain clean and food does not accumulate on it. Avoid excessive lip and tongue movements to avoid damaging the stitches. Do not consume cigarettes or alcohol during the recovery period.

-What are the emergencies that I need to consult a doctor after the shooting?

A slight facial swelling, bleeding in the form of leakage, pain when taking painkillers, and a decrease in mouth opening are normal after extraction. However, if there is excessive bleeding that does not go away with packing, swelling that lasts for more than a few days, numbness or tingling in the jaws, the doctor should be contacted.

—–English

-What are the wisdom teeth, when do they develop?

Wisdom teeth are the third molars, which develop frequently between the ages of 16-25, with a total of 4 teeth. Although they usually erupt in the twenties, in some special cases they can erupt even at a much later age.

-What kind of problems does it cause while wisdom teeth are erupting?

Since everyone’s jaw and tooth structure are not the same, these teeth do not always cause problems while they are erupting. However, in some people, it may cause symptoms such as jaw and ear pain, swelling in the gums, and restriction in mouth opening.

-My wisdom teeth are not visible. How to tell if it is impacted?

When your dentist examines you and takes x-rays, he or she evaluates whether your wisdom teeth are formed, the position of the tooth and whether it is impacted.

-Why do wisdom teeth remain impacted?

These teeth, which erupt at the back and last in the jaws, may not find enough space in the mouth due to the position of the adjacent tooth, the structure of the bone or the thickness of the gingiva. In this case, they remain partially or completely impacted in the bone or under the gingiva.

-Is it necessary to remove the wisdom teeth?

It is not necessary to extract the wisdom teeth that have erupted in the right way that does not disrupt the tooth sequence and are in the lower-upper bite. However, if advanced caries, pain in adjacent teeth, infection in the bone, cyst formation at the root, etc. are observed wisdom teeth should be extracted.

-Is the extraction of wisdom teeth different from normal tooth extraction?

There is no difference in the extraction of visible wisdom teeth from other tooth extractions. However, surgical extraction may be required for impacted wisdom teeth.

-What should I pay attention to after tooth extraction?

Do not consume food after tooth extraction until the effect of anesthesia wears off. Apply cold compresses (ice) at five-minute intervals for the first 24 hours to reduce pain and swelling. Do not spit, vacuum or gargle for the first 24 hours in order to prevent clotting and increase bleeding. Use the medicines prescribed by your doctor. Avoid very hot, spicy, acidic and grainy foods. There may be sutures(stitches) in the mouth, be careful to keep the sutures clean and not to accumulate food on it. Avoid excessive lip and tongue movements to avoid damaging the sutures. Do not consume cigarettes or alcohol during the recovery period.

-What are the emergencies that I need to consult a doctor after tooth extraction?

Mild swelling on the face, bleeding in the form of leakage, pain that decreases after taking painkillers, and jaw limitation are normal after extraction. However, if there is excessive bleeding that does not go away with pressure, swelling that lasts for more than a few days, numbness or tingling in the jaws, the doctor should be contacted.

2—What is gingival recession?

Healthy gingiva protects the tooth from external factors by tightly wrapping the tooth. However, in some cases, the gingiva may go backwards and the root surface may be exposed. Gingival recession does not occur in everyone and may not be noticed immediately.

What are the symptoms of gingival recession?

Hot-cold sensitivities on the exposed root surface, bleeding when brushing, redness and swelling, tooth appearing longer than normal, bleeding especially when eating hard foods are the symptoms of gingival recession.

– What causes gingival recession?

Excessive calculus accumulation due to lack of hygiene,

Brushing incorrectly

Using a very hard toothbrush

Crowding in the teeth,

Long lip tie (frenilum)

Vitamin deficiency

Thin gingiva,

teeth clenching,

Senile,

Genetic predisposition,

Hormonal changes and various diseases can cause withdrawal.

How is gingival recession treated? Will it fix itself? Is there any herbal treatment or medicine that I can use at home?

Unfortunately, gingival recessions do not go away on their own. In addition, with herbal treatment or medicine, the gingiva does not rise again on its own. Professional intervention is essential. Treatment in gingival recessions is primarily to eliminate the cause, to optimize hygiene and to clean the calculus. If necessary, then surgical intervention is started. In gingival recessions, gingival transplant operations are often performed.

How does recovery take place after treatment?

There are stitches in the mouth when treated with surgery, with or without a gingival transplant. It takes 10-14 days for the wound area to heal. In this process, the patient is asked to use their medications regularly, to be careful about the cleanliness of the wound area and to ensure that the stitches do not fall. Avoiding trauma and not smoking during the transplant process are very important for vascularization and the success of the transplant. Although the success of the transplant is evident in the first week, it takes 3-6 months for the tissue to heal completely.

-Will there be gingival recession in the same area?

The gingiva taken from the palate is thicker and harder. In the transplant area, the gingiva tightly surrounds the tooth and becomes resistant to recession.

How to prevent gingival recession?

The easiest way to prevent gingival recession is to brush without applying too much pressure to the gingiva using a medium-soft brush, to be under the control of a dentist regularly, and to pay attention to the cleaning of calculus at regular intervals.

—-English

-What is gingival recession?

Healthy gingiva adheres tightly to the tooth and protects it from external factors. However, in some cases, the root surface may be exposed by receding the gingiva. Gingival recession does not occur in everyone and may not be noticed immediately.

-What are the symptoms of gingival recession?

Hot-cold sensitivities on the exposed root surface, bleeding while brushing, gingival redness and swelling, the appearance of the tooth longer than normal, bleeding especially when eating hard foods are the symptoms of gingival recession.

-What causes gingival recession?

excessive calculus accumulation due to lack of hygiene,

Wrong brushing

Using a very hard toothbrush

Crowding in the teeth,

Long lip tie (frenilum)

vitamin deficiency

thin gingiva,

bruxism,

With you,

genetic predisposition,

Hormonal changes and various diseases can cause gingival recession.

-How is gingival recession treated? Will it heal naturally? Is there any herbal treatment or medicine that I can use at home?

Unfortunately, gingival recessions do not go away on their own. In addition, the gingiva does not rise again on its own with herbal treatment or medicine. Professional intervention is essential. Treatment in gingival recessions is primarily to eliminate the cause, to optimize hygiene and to clean the calculus. If necessary, then surgical intervention is started. In gingival recessions, gingival transplant surgery is often performed.

-How does recovery take place after treatment?

There are stitches(sutures) in the mouth when treated with surgery, with or without a gingival transplant. It takes 10-14 days for the wound area to heal. In this process, the patient is asked to use their medications regularly, to pay attention to the cleanliness of the wound area and to ensure that the stitches(sutures) do not fall. Avoiding trauma and not smoking during the transplant process are very important for vascularization and the success of the transplant. Although the success of the transplant is evident in the first week, it takes 3-6 months for the tissue to heal completely.

-Will there be gingival recession in the same area?

The gingiva taken from the palate is thicker and harder. In the transplant area, the gingiva tightly surrounds the tooth and becomes resistant to gingival recession.

-How to prevent gingival recession?

The easiest way to prevent gingival recession is to brush without applying too much pressure to the gingiva using a medium-soft brush, to be under regular dentist control, and to pay attention to the cleaning of calculus at regular intervals.

3–What is gum disease? What are the symptoms?

Healthy gingiva is pink in color, firm and has the appearance of orange peel. It ends in the form of a knife-edge on the teeth. As the dental plaque accumulated on the teeth increases, various microorganisms in the plaque begin to form periodontal diseases. Periodontitis (Advanced gingival disease) is a disease that destroys the jawbone along with gingivitis. Disease symptoms such as spontaneous bleeding, redness, edema, and discoloration are observed in the gums. In the dentist examination, bone loss is seen on the x-ray

What causes gum disease?

The main cause of periodontitis (advanced gum disease) is tartar and dental plaque. However, not everyone has progressive disease. Because there are many facilitating factors in the formation of the disease. Systemic diseases such as diabetes (diabetes), osteoporosis (bone loss), cancer, environmental factors such as wrong brushing, vitamin deficiency, smoking and genetic predisposition are important.

How is gum disease treated?

Oral hygiene is essential for restoring gingival health. Deep calculus cleaning, removal of inflamed gingival tissues and smoothing of root surfaces are required. In addition, medical control and drug regulation may be required to reduce the facilitating factors that cause the progression of the disease.

What happens when gum disease is not treated?

If gingival diseases are not treated, the infection causes destruction of the jawbone, causing pain, shaking, tipping and eventually tooth loss.

What can be done to prevent gum diseases?

Regular brushing after professional scaling, paying attention to general health, avoiding intraoral trauma, quitting smoking, avoiding stress, paying attention to diet are effective in preventing gum diseases.

—English

-What is gum disease? What are the symptoms?

Healthy gingiva has a pink color, tight structure and orange peel appearance. It ends in the form of a knife-edge on the teeth. As the dental plaques accumulates on the teeth increases, various microorganisms in the plaque begin to form periodontal diseases. Periodontitis (Advanced gingival disease) is a disease that destroys the jawbone along with gingivitis. Disease symptoms such as spontaneous bleeding, redness, edema, and discoloration are observed in the gums. In the dentist examination, bone loss is seen on the x-ray.

-What causes gum disease?

The main cause of periodontitis (advanced gum disease) is tartar and dental plaque. However, not everyone has a progressive disease. Because there are many facilitating factors in the formation of the disease. Systemic diseases such as diabetes, osteoporosis , cancer, environmental factors such as wrong brushing, vitamin deficiency, smoking and genetic predisposition are important.

-How is gum disease treated?

Oral hygiene is essential for restoring gingival health. Deep calculus cleaning, removal of inflamed gingival tissues and smoothing of root surfaces are required. In addition, medical control and drug regulation may be required to reduce the facilitating factors that cause the progression of the disease.

-What happens if gum disease is not treated?

If gingival diseases are not treated, the infection causes destruction of the jawbone, causing pain, shaking, tipping and eventually tooth loss.

-What can be done to prevent gum diseases?

Regular brushing after professional scaling, paying attention to general health, avoiding intraoral trauma, quitting smoking, avoiding stress, paying attention to diet are effective in preventing gum diseases.

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