Although turmeric, which is one of the basic ingredients of curry powder, is mostly used as a spice in the west, it has been used as a natural medicine in Asia for a long time. Turmeric has also been used in Asia to treat stomach and liver ailments.
The Oxygen Radical Absorption Capacity (ORAC) value, which shows the antioxidant capacity of foods, is 44,776 in Turmeric. With this value, turmeric ranks first in the list of spices with the highest antioxidant capacity.
Curcumin is obtained from the roots of the plant Curcuma longa, known as turmeric. It is stated that curcumin is light sensitive and therefore samples containing curcumin should be protected against light.
3 grams of turmeric, whose active ingredient is curcumin, contains approximately 30 to 90 mg of curcumin. Turmeric for adults; It can be used as a powder containing capsule, liquid extract and tincture. Cut root of turmeric; 1.5-3 g of dried powdered turmeric root daily; 1-3 g daily can be used, a standard powder (curcumin); 400-600 mg can be taken 3 times a day. Liquid extract (1:1) 30 to 90 drops per day; It is recommended to consume 1 scale in the morning and 1 scale in the evening (1 scale is 5ml).
In studies conducted to examine the safety and maximum tolerance dose of curcumin in healthy individuals, it was determined that curcumin intake up to 12 g/day did not show any harmful effects on the participants.
The antioxidant property of curcumin provides an important opportunity to protect colon cells from free radicals that can damage cellular DNA, especially in the colon. DNA mutations in colon cells can cause cancerous cells to form much faster.
In a study, the anticancer effects of curcumin were investigated in human chondrosarcoma cells (cartilage soft tissue tumor). Curcumin extract was given to different animals for 21 days and the results were investigated. When the collected data were examined, it was seen that the tumor volume decreased by 60%.
Candrosarcoma is known as a soft tissue tumor with poor prognosis that does not respond to chemotherapy. Therefore, as a result of this study, curcumin was approved as a new anticancer agent in the treatment of candrosarcoma.
Curcumin is thought to exert its therapeutic effect through its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. In particular, laboratory tests with various animals have confirmed anti-cancer effects on the stomach, intestines, liver and skin. Even advanced metastasis formation can be reduced with proven curcumin.
A clinical development plan for the use of curcumin to treat cancer was also recently defined by the American National Cancer Institute. Studies also show that the risk of developing cancer in countries such as India that consumes curcumin is much lower than in countries that do not. Curcumin is thought to have a potential role in the prevention and treatment of Alzheimer’s disease. Curcumin as an antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and lipophilic
It improves the cognitive functions of patients with its effects.
Let’s summarize the effects on health in general in a few articles:
• Demonstrates that a bioactive form of curcumin is well tolerated and may positively affect weight management in overweight individuals.
• They can be considered as natural, safe and effective CRP-lowering agents and provide prevention of inflammation.
• Its regular consumption can be used as an alternative option to change cholesterol-related parameters, especially in patients with metabolic syndrome.
• In a study on the anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, hypoglycemic and lipid-lowering effects of turmeric extract; Live subjects induced by a high-fat diet were divided into two groups, and one of these groups was given the determined doses of the extract. As a result, it has been explained that turmeric extract reduces LDL (low density lipoprotein) due to its strong antioxidant activity, thus reducing the risk of atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries).
• By showing positive effects on insulin secretion, it can delay the development of Type 2 DM, improve β-cell functions, prevent β-cell death and reduce insulin resistance.
• In addition, it shows positive effects on hypertension by showing antihypertensive effects. However, the use of turmeric with blood thinners and substances can cause serious health problems. Diabetics, people with gallstones, people with gallbladder and kidney disease, people with immune system problems, pregnant and lactating women should not consume turmeric without consulting their doctor.
• Since there is no scientifically determined reliable amount for children, turmeric should not be given to children without consulting a doctor.
• It is recommended that patients who will undergo surgery stop consuming turmeric 2 weeks before the date of surgery.