Obsessive compulsive disorder, also called obsessive-compulsive disorder; the person struggles with repetitive, disturbing, worrisome, embarrassing, frightening thoughts, doubts, irrational requests; It is a psychiatric disorder in which repetitive behaviors or mental pursuits are performed in order to control all these negativities and to reduce the distress to a certain extent. Obsessive-compulsive disorder usually includes both obsession and self-compulsion. However, it is also possible that they are just obsessive symptoms. Obsessive compulsive disorder patients can easily realize that obsessions and compulsions are excessive. The obsessions and compulsions (repetitive behaviors) in obsessive compulsive disorder that come to mind spontaneously even though they are unavoidable negatively affect the quality of life of the person, the aforementioned disorder can disrupt the person’s relations with the social environment, and their education and work life can be adversely affected by this disorder.
When obsessive-compulsive disorder patients have obsessive thoughts, they can create rules or rituals to help control their anxiety. But efforts to control are often not realistically related to the problem they aim to fix.
Obsessive compulsive disorder is a recurrent disease. Obsessive-compulsive disorder is unwanted thoughts, constant involvement, urges that cause distress or anxiety. People with this disease may force themselves to ignore or get rid of all their thoughts. However, the patient may have more difficulty trying to get rid of such obsessions.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder usually begins in adolescence or early adulthood. Symptoms can begin gradually and vary throughout life.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder symptoms get worse when the person is under too much stress. Obsessive compulsive disorder, which is generally considered to be a lifelong disease, can have mild to moderate symptoms.
The symptoms of obsessive compulsive disorder may differ socially and culturally. Common obsessive compulsive disorder symptoms; It is evaluated separately as obsessions and compulsions:
OCD can show many different symptoms. The common symptoms of obsession, which can be defined as thoughts that cause distress in people with obsessive compulsive disorder, can be listed as follows:
Most Common Obsessive Symptoms
Excessive doubt and need for constant trust
The drive for symmetry, orderliness and perfection
Fear of sinful thinking
Preoccupation with thoughts of harming oneself or loved ones
The feeling of being too clean
Fear of doing something socially unacceptable or being disgraced
afraid of making mistakes
Perfectionism, tension-stress of perfection, exaggerated curiosity for order, obsession with symmetry, need for perfection
Getting stressed out when things aren’t organized
Fear of hurting someone else intentionally or accidentally
Fear of contamination or contamination
Fear of thinking about sexual or religious matters
In order to get rid of the distressing situation caused by the obsession, the person engages in different behaviors. Some of these behaviors are:
Most Common Compulsion Symptoms
Not shaking hands, not holding the doorknob
Repeated urge to wash hands or take a shower
Collecting and hoarding worthless objects
Checking the doors repeatedly to make sure they are locked
Inability to touch objects touched by others
To do the things to be done in a certain number and in a certain order
Repeating certain phrases, words, or prayers
Getting stuck on images, words, or thoughts that are disturbing, haunting, and disruptive to sleep
Consuming your meals in a certain order
Internally repeating a prayer, word, or phrase
Organizing household or personal belongings in a certain way
Desire to count aloud or constantly while doing daily routine tasks
The need to constantly check the items that need to be closed, such as locks, stoves, irons, electricity
Changing them frequently, out of concern that they may have got a dirty substance on their clothes
Avoiding situations and places where there is concern that distress will increase
In order for such thoughts and behaviors to be considered as a disease from a medical point of view, they must be severe and intense enough to affect, limit or disrupt our daily functions.
Although ‘hoarding disease’, which is defined as a behavioral disorder in which things that are deemed unnecessary by others are collected and not thrown away with the thought that they will be needed one day, are defined as a separate disorder, it has a connection with obsessive-compulsive disorder. While ‘hoarding sickness’ is a manifestation of obsessive compulsive disorder, OCD can also be seen together with depression and anxiety disorder.
Not Every Obsessive Thought or Repetitive Behavior Is a Sign of OCD
When you read the examples above, you think of “being clean, organized and organized; What’s the harm in checking doors and windows for security purposes, should these be considered a disease?” thoughts can pass. Of course, we do these behaviors in our daily lives and should not be counted as a disease. However, in order for such thoughts and behaviors to be considered as a disease from a medical point of view, they must be severe and intense enough to affect, limit or disrupt our daily functions. For example, if a housewife is clean and tidy, it is not naturally considered a disease, but if she cleans almost every day, every hour of the day, does laundry every day, and cannot spare enough time for her children to raise them in a healthy way, it should be considered a disease. It may not be strange for a person to be sure that the windows of the car are closed and the doors are locked, for security reasons, but it is a situation that should be considered when checking the windows and doors by repeatedly leaving the house or turning back on the road.
Being very organized, paying more attention to cleanliness than other people, checking the door a few times to feel safe, or having some of the above-mentioned symptoms and features are not enough to diagnose someone with OCD.
The behaviors of the individual with OCD have started to prevent him from living his life. While a normal individual checks the stove or oven 2-3 times before leaving the house, the individual with OCD does this behavior so often that he may eventually give up on leaving the house.
The person with OCD cannot ignore their worries, trying to ignore it hurts them and experiences a serious feeling of tension. When leaving the house, he may have crying spells for anything he does not control.
What Should You Do If You Suspect You Have OCD?
It is often difficult for a person to decide that certain thoughts and behaviors in oneself may be symptoms of a mental illness. If you think your anxiety and behaviors are caused by OCD, the best thing to do is to consult a psychologist. “Do I have OCD?” In order to get rid of the doubt, your anxiety and behavior should be examined with a psychologist. Then, if suspicions increase, you can request referral for appropriate treatment.
If you or a loved one has a genuine OCD suspicion, take action to get help. With the right support and regular therapeutic work, it is possible to get rid of OCD or to minimize the symptoms.
Many experts in the world think that OCD is one of the most treatable mental illnesses.