Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), an anxiety-type disorder, is a disease that restricts people by trapping them in a repetitive cycle of thoughts and behaviors.
People with obsessive-compulsive disorder experience distress due to recurring and stressful thoughts, dreams, or images (obsessions) that they cannot control.
They try to comfort themselves by thinking that they cannot stand the distress caused by these thoughts; they try to perform some rituals or routines urgently (compulsions).
Rituals are performed in an attempt to prevent or banish obsessive thoughts.
The most well-known type among the public is frequent hand washing and excessive cleaning.
In addition, there are types of obsessions such as counting, accumulating, controlling, and arranging.
People do this even if they don’t want to or even if it sounds ridiculous. When he doesn’t, he gets into trouble. In order to get rid of this trouble and relax, he washes his hands many times, cleans himself / his house /, ensures that everyone in the house is cleaned, or he cannot help himself from constantly checking the stove / door.
It is a disorder characterized by undesirable thoughts, dreams or images constantly coming to mind, trying to think of other things to get rid of these thoughts, trying not to think about these thoughts, and analyzing persistent thoughts.
The person finds these thoughts dangerous, gives a meaning; tries to repress, tries to distract, or constantly analyzes what it means why he came. And hence these unwanted thoughts; it starts coming more often, it becomes more persistent and sticky.
HOW DO WE DO THE TREATMENT?
OCD is not a self-limiting disorder. That’s why it’s important to be treated. The best treatment is medication and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT):
It is a Conversation-based Psychotherapy method based on scientific data and learning theories. The goal of this therapy method is to enable people with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder to face their fears and reduce anxiety without performing repetitive behaviors. This therapy also focuses on reducing the exaggerated or catastrophic thoughts common to those with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder.
That is, both obsessive thoughts and repetitive behaviors are studied. The patient is given regular practice assignments and followed up once a week.
As with any ailment, first of all, the client needs to want to get better, believe in the treatment and implement the treatment plan consistently.