Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

What is OCD?

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder is a mental disorder in which the person has obsessive thoughts, repetitive obsessive behaviors, or both, and significantly affects the functionality of the person.

This disorder is caused by the combination of obsession, which means obsessive thoughts and impulses, and compulsion, which means repetitive mental actions and behaviors.

How Is Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Treated?

OCD can be treated using psychotherapy methods, medication, or both.


Cognitive-behavioral therapy is the most widely used and most effective psychotherapy method for OCD. With this technique, it is based on confronting situations that cause anxiety and reveal complications, in other words, behaviors (such as checking or washing, counting). During the therapy process, it is aimed to prevent your reactions when you are worried. While most of the applications are carried out within the therapy sessions, the other part is done as homework.

Cognitive-behavioral therapy is particularly effective in patients who primarily and primarily suffer from complications. For such clients, therapy is often more effective than medication.


There are many effective drugs available for OCD. The most prescribed are those called selective serotonin inhibitors. These drugs are preferred because they have very few side effects compared to other drugs.

Improvement in antidepressant use is not expected immediately. It takes 1 to 3 weeks for improvement or changes to be seen after drug use. If there is little or no change in symptoms after 5 to 6 weeks, a change of medication may be preferred. Since it takes time to find the most effective drug, frequent drug changes may be required by the specialist for the right choice and may be deemed necessary. Treatment should be continued for at least six months and may continue for a year or more. Including the psychotherapy process in addition to the drug treatment will increase the efficiency of the treatment.

Misconceptions About OCD

Obsessive-Complex Disorder, known as OCD in short, is a type of anxiety disorder that severely reduces the quality of life and severely restricts daily life. People with OCD in society are often referred to as “obsessed”, “overly picky”, etc. described as such. As an example of these mislabelings;

OCD is all about cleanliness.

People with OCD are well-organized people.

Religion makes people compulsive.

Characters with OCD in TV series and movies reflect the disease realistically.

People with OCD are just the weirdo types, they can stop their behavior if they want to.

Too much stress causes OCD.

OCD is associated with low self-confidence or intellectual level.

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