Obsessive compulsive disorder

Obsessions are impulses, thoughts, images that occupy the mind, that the person cannot get rid of, and that seem absurd to the person.

  • These thoughts trigger anxiety in the person.

  • It is not about a real life event.

  • The person is aware that these thoughts are created by his mind.

Compulsion: It occurs in response to the obsession. They are repetitive behaviors done to reduce the anxiety caused by the obsession.

  • These behaviors are done to avoid anxiety or danger.

  • Repetitive behavior may not have a significant relationship with the obsession.

FOR A PERSON TO HAVE OCD:

  • Obsessions or compulsions.

  • One should find this experience ridiculous.

  • It should cause deterioration in the daily functioning of the person.

  • There should be no differential diagnosis.

OCD TYPES:

  • Dirty-Contamination Type: When people come into contact with a certain situation or object, they develop an obsession that they will get dirty. As a compulsion, they show behaviors such as washing hands for a long time, taking a shower constantly, changing clothes frequently. The person may try to reduce their anxiety by avoiding places they think are dirty.

  • Controlling Type:The person feels the need to check things over and over to prevent a disaster.

  • Repetition Type: People do something over and over again to avoid disaster. The difference from the controlling type is that the repeated behaviors do not have a logical basis.

  • Edit Type:People feel the need to arrange things in a certain order to meet their need for perfection.

  • Spool Type:People do not throw away even unimportant things with the thought that they will be needed one day.

  • Thinking Type:It is the discomfort of a person due to a certain thought (aggressive, sexual, sinful) that comes to mind.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and OCD

According to the cognitive theory: The individual misinterprets unwanted thoughts, impulses and images. This misinterpretation develops a wrong intervention and OCD ensues. Although everyone has these thoughts, people who develop OCD experience these thoughts more frequently, intensely, long-term, and distressing.

In treatment, mistakes made by people in this interpretation process are regulated by cognitive restructuring methods. Behavioral exposure is intervened by methods of response prevention. Relaxation and breathing exercises are taught so that the person can control their anxiety.

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