Obsessive compulsive disorder

It is a mental illness consisting of obsessive thoughts, ideas and impulses called obsessions, and repetitive behaviors and mental actions called compulsions.

A mental illness called OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE DISORDER (OCD) should come to mind.


It is the thoughts, ideas, images and impulses that the person cannot prevent from entering his mind and cannot remove from his mind. They come against the person’s will, are considered irrational or absurd by the person, and cause intense distress and restlessness, i.e. anxiety.


Repetitive, unavoidable behaviors and actions taken to reduce or eliminate the intense distress and discomfort caused by obsessions.

It has been determined that OCD is seen in 2-3 out of every 100 people. So in the population

The incidence is around 3%.

Although it usually starts in adolescence and in the 20-30s, school

It can occur at any age, including pre-teens.

Although it starts at an earlier age in men, it generally occurs in women.

is seen more frequently.

Genetic causes, Brain dysfunction and serotonin, Childhood

It has been determined by studies that traumas are effective in the formation of the disease.

is supported.


1-Contamination Obsession and Cleaning Compulsion

Factors such as dirt, germs, dust of the person’s body and clothes; chemical

substances, detergents, poisons, urine, stool and other bodily secretions.

obsessions about contagion and the distress caused by these obsessions

their actions to fix it.

2-Doubtful obsession and control compulsion

It is one of the most common obsessions and compulsions. person cooker, combi boiler,

Since objects such as water heater, door, lock may be left open, iron etc. electric

suspects that the plugs of the tools may be stuck in the socket (Doubtful

obsession) and needs to check repeatedly to be sure

(Control compulsion). These doubts and controls are in many areas of life.

they can show themselves.

3-Aggression obsessions

Involuntarily engage in aggressive behavior that will harm others


Sometimes patients inadvertently cause discomfort or harm to others.

will give, will miss unwelcome words,

obsessions that he will involuntarily harm the people next to him

it could be.

4-Sexual obsessions

There are unacceptable sexual thoughts and images that are embarrassing for the person.

5-Religious obsessions

The person finds himself in the exact opposite of his beliefs and views, and in intense distress.

from thinking obsessive thoughts and images of religious content in such a way that

can’t keep it.

6-Symmetry/order obsessions and compulsions

The need for symmetry and obsession with order are also common symptoms. of the person

the need for symmetry and orderliness prevails throughout his life.

7-Counting and repetition compulsions

Some OCD patients can do any daily activity up to a certain number of times.

If he does it without counting, don’t count and repeat it, thinking that it will not happen.

they engage in action.

8-Accumulation and storage compulsions

It is the most common type of compulsion. The person states that “it may be necessary in the future”.

it can even accumulate/storage items that would not be necessary with thought. In the future

The kind of hoardings that could be garbage houses are the most extreme examples of this compulsion.

9-Somatic Obsessions

Doubt that you have serious diseases such as cancer, AIDS

excessive amount of unnecessary testing in the name of checking and controlling

is a state of concern.

However, from a medical point of view, such thoughts and behaviors

enough to affect, limit or disrupt our daily functions.

It should be intense and intense.


OCD can severely limit activities of daily living, family, occupational and

leading to significant loss of function in social life, reducing the quality of life

is a disease.

The high probability of chronicity increases the importance of treatment.


In the treatment of OCD, drugs that are especially effective on the serotonin system

is quite injured. Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors – called SSRIs

This group of drugs is widely and successfully used in the treatment of OCD.

It is necessary to wait up to three weeks for the effects of the drug to be seen. Whether the drug is effective

It should be waited for at least 8 weeks to decide whether it is not. Effective

If it is determined that the treatment is necessary, the daily dose can be increased for at least two years.

must be continued.

Cognitive-behavioral Psychotherapy

Obsessive patients avoid or avoid these thoughts with worrying thoughts.

they try to avoid it. What’s wrong with avoiding thoughts?

As you work, these thoughts increase even more, thus creating a vicious circle.

consists of. The aim of behavioral treatments is to make the patient anxious and anxious.

with thoughts that cause escape and avoidance behaviors

[obsessions] to confront and overcome the anxiety that this comparison generates.

repetitive behaviors [compulsions] that come into play to reduce

is to prevent.

Cognitive and behavioral therapies are used both in the treatment of the disease and especially in the treatment of the disease.

plays a very important role in the prevention of relapses, sometimes only one treatment

They can be used on their own and sometimes in combination with drug treatments. cognitive

Behavioral therapy is one of the most important treatment options and

Its effectiveness in the treatment of the disease has been scientifically proven.

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