Obesity is defined as a chronic disease that develops with the increase of adipose tissue in the body and increases the risk of heart diseases. Obesity is a worldwide epidemic, with at least 2.8 million people dying from overweight or obesity each year. Obesity, once associated with high-income countries, is now prevalent in low- and middle-income countries. Governments, international partners, non-governmental organizations and the private sector play an important role in contributing to obesity prevention.
Body fat ratio should be 20-27% in women and 12-15% in men.
Fat storage capacity increases with weight gain in healthy individuals, but returns to its original state with weight loss. On the other hand, capacity does not decrease in obese individuals, obese individuals are more prone to weight gain.
Obesity can last a lifetime. As BMI (Body Mass Index) increases, the death rate increases.
There is 20-27% fat tissue in women, 12% of the adipose tissue is essential fat. 5-9% fat is found in the chest, pelvic area and hips.
Adipose tissue consists of essential fatty acids and stored fat.
Essential fatty acids are found in the bone marrow, heart, lungs, spleen, intestines and nervous system.
Stored fat is located in the subcutaneous tissue and around the internal organs.
Causes of obesity
Consuming large amounts of food, especially high carbohydrate and fat intake, can be counted as making fatty meals more delicious.
Inappropriate dietary behaviors can be counted as one of the causes of obesity. These behaviors usually come from childhood. Nutritional behaviors are shaped prominently between 6-12 months and 1-3 years of age.
Insufficient physical activity can cause obesity.
The genetic predisposition to obesity can be considered as a reason.
Neuroendocrine factors and psychological factors can cause obesity.
Gender has an effect on obesity. The genetically higher proportion of adipose tissue in women increases the predisposition of women to obesity.
If we count the tricks to be considered in the treatment of obesity;
Diet therapy and behavior modification therapy should be applied in the treatment of obesity. Physical activity should be increased.
In nutritional therapy, the individual should evaluate his or her past diet history.
You should set your target weight.
He must be conditioned with his family and environment.
He should have his health checked.
Alcohol consumption should be reduced or stopped.
They should choose their food choices in a balanced way from carbohydrate, fat and protein content.