OBESITY AND DIET IN Adolescence

Adolescence is a period of significant change in the physical, biochemical, mental and social aspects of the child.

It is a period of time.

The World Health Organization (WHO) defines the 10-19 age group as adolescents.

With the rapid growth and development during adolescence, the need for energy has also increased. Besides

inactivity, social-environmental factors, wrong eating habits and psychological structure.

Obesity is an important problem. A healthy life in adulthood

with the development of a regular eating habit in childhood and youth.

possible. Obesity, which occurs in childhood and youth, will cause many problems in these individuals in the future.

thought to cause health problems. According to studies this

It is reported that approximately 30% of individuals may become obese adults in the future.

What are the main factors affecting food choices and eating behaviors?

Various individual and environmental factors affecting food choices and eating behaviors during adolescence

factors exist. Among individual characteristics, adolescents’ general behaviors, beliefs, knowledge

levels, self-sufficiency, body image, and food and taste preferences.

There are psychosocial factors. In addition, biological factors such as hunger

affects their behavior. Main and snack consumption habits, weight control, slimming

behavioral factors, such as the implementation of their diet, as well as lifestyle factors such as lack of money and time.

related factors affect eating behaviors.

Individuals in adolescence are not only physically, but also cognitively and psychosocially.

They continue to develop and are in search of identity, to be independent, to be accepted.

They are too concerned with their efforts and their outward appearance. Irregular meals and snacking between meals, home

Apart from the fast-food style, it is one of the typical features of eating habits. These habits

Many factors often affect it, including family, peers, and the media. Some research

showed that more than 90% of adolescents eat something between meals. In this snack

mostly as “Junk foods” which are high in calories, low in nutritional value, high in fat and sodium.

foods such as fruit juice, fruit, milk, cheese and vegetables in which the named foods are consumed

It is stated that the rate of the areas is only around 40%.

affecting the eating behaviors, food consumption and eating habits of adolescents.

There are many environmental factors and family comes first.

Eating at the family table and the contents of the meals eaten at the table,

variety, availability of ready-made and fresh foods at home, frequency of eating out, parents’

food consumption and attitudes and behaviors of parents towards nutrition.

affects their habits. Families forcing children to eat certain foods,

The restrictions they impose on food, their role as an example and model also affect their children’s nutrition.

changes their habits and body weights.

The relationship between the food choices of adolescents and their families and adolescents and their friends.

It was determined that the effect of their families was higher when the relationship between

However, friend influence is a more important factor in the choice of snacks and snacks.

stands out. Spending time with friends, social learning, observing, imitating,

Behaviors such as sampling have a significant impact on differences in food choices. Group

in which similar foods are preferred and adolescents affect each other significantly.

is seen. Unlike these, the amount of food consumed also affects each other.

For example, overweight adolescents with overweight friends and normal weight friends

It was observed that they ate more food than they ate together.

Children whose parents are obese have a higher risk of obesity and the genetic burden is 25-40%.

indicated to vary between investigating certain chromosomes thought to be associated with obesity.

studies are available. The mother’s womb is a factor as much as the effect of genetics in the development of obesity.

The first environment encountered in life is the uterus, Eating center and adipose tissue during pregnancy.

It occurs in the 6th-9th months and the mother’s feeding too much or too little will cause the baby to be obese in later life.

Likewise, if the mother is diabetic or hyperinsulinemia, the baby’s future life

can cause obesity. After birth, breastfeeding is protective in many ways.

It is also protective against the development of obesity.

Suggestions

Instead of low-nutritive, high-energy, high-fat and salt-containing foods,

they should prefer raw vegetables, salads, yoghurt and milk desserts. Fast food restaurants

if going; healthy menu choices (for example, hamburger with buttermilk, salad or fruit)

water is a good choice) should be directed.

If they have consumed high-fat food outside, they should prefer low-fat foods at home.

Help from young people with food shopping, menu planning, meal preparation and cooking

may be requested,

Suggestions can be made for the selection of foods they eat outside the home. In this way, the way of weight control is also

is taught.

Regular exercise for a healthy lifestyle, low-fat food, increasing the consumption of vegetables and fruits,

Individuals should be made aware of not smoking and not using alcohol.

If there is a problem with his body weight, he should help him change his lifestyle without criticism.

and seek help from a dietitian.

Family members should also take care to have healthy food at home.

Young girls often go on a wrong diet in order to have a fitter body,

Eating behavior disorders may develop as a result. Men do exercise, body

focuses on development. For this, they try to eat a diet rich in protein.

However, excessive protein consumption is not necessary.

For a healthier life, you should increase your physical activity. Activity in adolescents makes itself energetic

feeling, confidence, good appearance, school success, acquiring a correct lifelong habit, chronic

It is important to reduce the risk of disease.

Up to age 16, 3 or more 20-25 minutes of exercise per week, 30 for over 16s

minutes/every day or 3-5 times, 30-60 minutes of aerobic exercise may be recommended.

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