Nutritional recommendations in diabetes

Nutrition of human; It is to take the nutrients and nutrients necessary for growth, development and healthy living in sufficient and balanced amounts and use them in the body. The nutrition program applied to individuals with diabetes can be applied by anyone who wants to eat healthy. Being diabetic does not require us to eat differently from everyone else, and to change the way we eat. Diabetes diet is the foundation of a healthy diet. Medical nutrition therapy in diabetes is the basis of diabetes treatment. The main goal of medical diabetes treatment is to acquire correct behavior skills and improve quality of life.

Your appropriate treatment plan should aim to achieve your glycemic control. In other words, to catch a good blood sugar value. Your nutrition program should be prepared specifically for you in cooperation with a dietitian to meet your needs.

Correct diet

The basis of your balanced diet is to consume 5 main food groups on a daily basis.





Oil group – olives – nuts

Your carbohydrate intake in your diet is extremely important to maintain sugar balance. In particular, you should increase your consumption of pulpy foods. Fiber carbohydrates play an active role in regulating your blood sugar by slowing down the absorption of your nutrients from your intestines. In this way, you will prevent sudden ups and downs in your blood sugar. Your fiber intake at every meal gains importance in your diet. Brown bread, brown rice, bulgur, green leafy vegetables, fruits (provided that the portion amount is considered) are rich in fiber. You can add small snacks to keep your blood sugar balanced.

for example:

Whole wheat bread + cheese

Whole wheat bread + yogurt

Wholegrain grissini or unsweetened cereal biscuits or oat flakes + milk

The exact amount you should consume should be determined by your dietitian based on your needs and sugar results.

Skipping meals, insufficient carbohydrate consumption, excess amount of insulin secreted, intense exercise may cause the development of hypoglycemia. Frequent blood glucose monitoring can reduce your symptoms of hypoglycemia. During hypoglycemia (BG <60mgdl); You need to consume 5-6 cubes of sugar or 1 tea glass of fruit juice. This way, your blood sugar will return to normal within 15 minutes. If your main meal time is near, you can eat directly. If your meal time is far away, you should eat a carbohydrate-containing snack to prevent recurrence of your hypoglycemia.

physical activity

with physical activity,

Blood sugar is balanced

Regulates blood fats

Weight loss is achieved

Bone loss is prevented

Increases heart rate and oxygenation capacity of blood vessels

Exercising on an empty stomach before your meals can cause hypoglycemia. You can start exercising 1 hour after your main meal and 30 minutes after your snack. When you do intense exercise, your insulin dose to be administered or whether you can use insulin should be determined by your doctor. Briefly; Do not start sports without knowing your blood sugar. Insulin injection should be applied to the area where you will work the least.

150 minutes of exercise per week is recommended for individuals with diabetes. Exercise 5 times a week * 30 minutes seems ideal. The World Health Organization predicts 12,000 steps per day. It should be noted that the duration of the sport is always the same…


Plan the foods you will eat during the day.

Do not skip meals.

Try to eat the recommended foods at the scheduled times. Eating on time is very important in monitoring blood sugar. In fact, it is very important to eat at the same times…

Learn to say no to treats at invitations and meetings. Do not skip your snack by choosing foods that are suitable for you.

Get into the habit of reading labels.

Try to maintain your weight by reaching your ideal weight.

Use alcohol in consultation with your doctor and dietitian. Alcohol inhibits the use of sugar in the body. It is better to take it with food.

Let’s stay away from foods such as jam, honey, molasses, sweets, fruit juices, which we call simple carbohydrates, which can spike your blood sugar. When we want to eat, let’s pay attention to the portion amounts.

Let’s eat less fat. Individuals with diabetes have a high risk of developing heart disease and vascular diseases. In terms of absorption of fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E, K), let’s use oil without cutting it completely, reduce the amount and prefer liquid oil.

Excessive intake of protein foods can lead to kidney damage. We should eat meat, chicken, turkey, cheese and eggs within the recommended limits.

Let’s use sweetener instead of sugar.

Let’s not forget that; Awareness and strict monitoring of diabetes will help us to be as healthy as other people.

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