NUTRITIONAL RECOMMENDATIONS FOR DIABETES

Insulin is a hormone that controls the energy balance in the body. It allows the sugar in the blood to enter the cell. The glucose entering the cell is used as an energy source. Thus, the rise of sugar in the blood is also prevented. Diabetes causes amputation in more than one million people, kidney failure in 500 million people, and blindness in 300 million people in the world every year. Today, the incidence of diabetes is increasing due to increasing obesity, sedentary lifestyle and poor eating habits.
 

What should our blood sugar be?

Fasting blood sugar should be below 90 mg/dl in a healthy person, and postprandial blood sugar should be below 140 mg/dl in the 2nd hour in a healthy person.
Keeping blood sugar levels as close to normal as possible reduces the risk of encountering serious health problems such as sensory-neural problems, vision problems, kidney damage, heart attack and stroke. For this reason, adequate and balanced nutrition plays a very important role in the treatment of diabetes. It is to prevent or delay the complications that may develop by providing control. Since the main source of blood sugar is nutrients, a healthy diet forms the basis of diabetes treatment.

General Information

1-Being diabetic does not mean that you should not eat the foods you love throughout your life. You just have to pay attention to the type and amount of food.

2- The main nutrient that affects blood sugar levels is carbohydrates. Carbohydrate needs should be met from foods with a low glycemic index as much as possible.

3-Carbohydrates should not be taken alone, they should be consumed with any protein source. like milkshake..

4-Do not stay hungry for a long time, main meals should be supported with small snacks.

5- Foods such as jam, honey, tea sugar, sweets containing simple sugar should be avoided. Diabetic ones of these foods can be preferred.

6- Choosing foods with high fiber content will give less energy compared to refined foods and will increase satiety. Daily recommended fiber consumption is 25-35 gr. (Increase your consumption of vegetables and fruits, prefer to eat fresh fruit instead of ready-made juice, dry in your diet. include legumes often)

7-Do not forget to drink 2.5 liters of water daily.

8- You can note what you consume in your meals and measure your blood sugar 1.5 hours after the meal to determine how different foods affect your blood sugar.

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