With weight loss, menstruation is regulated in women, ovulation is provided and

fertility is increasing.

Pre-pregnancy nutrition

It is stated that such negative situations can be corrected with 5% weight loss.

In the pre-pregnancy period, the increase in BMI increases with hypertensive disorders, gestational diabetes, high

increased risk of birth weight.

Obese individuals have high leptin concentration.

It has been suggested that it may cause dysfunction.

Obese and obese men have lower testosterone levels compared with both normal-weight men.

lower, sperm quality was lower, and infertility was more common.

About 9 kg in body weight. An increase in pregnancy rate increases the risk of infertility by 10%.

It was observed that the spermatogenesis cycle could not be ensured properly under normal weight.

If there is calcium deficiency in the mother during the pre-pregnancy period and there is not enough Ca intake during pregnancy

Calcium is supplied to the fetus from the maternal skeleton. Therefore, in preconceptional care, the mother’s Ca

purchase must be questioned.

Increasing calcium intake during pregnancy is important for the bone health of the fetus and mother.

Iodine is the most important cause of preventable brain damage. The use of iodized salt should not be neglected.

Stillbirth, mental retardation, cretinism, increased neonatal and infant mortality, hypothyroidism

The risk of iodine deficiency should be evaluated in preconceptional care.

If there is an iodine deficiency, 150 micrograms/day should be provided in the preconceptional period.

For a diet rich in Omega-3 fatty acids, the expectant mother in preconceptional care

should be guided.

340gr/week (1-2 servings) of fish should be consumed. More than half should not be canned.

If the woman is vegetarian in the preconceptional period, B12 supplementation should be made.

EFFECT OF SMOKING:The semen quality of the boys of mothers who smoked during pregnancy.

was found to be low.

EFFECT OF Caffeine:Studies have shown that high coffee or caffeine consumption (400-

800mg/day) was found to be effective in delaying conception. Therefore, 300mg./day caffeine

limit is specified.

6 cups of tea/day or 3 cups of coffee/day should be limited consumption in the preconceptional period.

EFFECT OF ALCOHOL: It is never safe to drink alcohol during pregnancy. of women

fetal alcohol syndrome and other alcohol-related births in case of stopping alcohol intake before pregnancy

defects can be avoided.

Women who want to become pregnant should limit their alcohol consumption to 1-2 glasses/week (wine and beer).


There is a positive dose-dependent relationship between infertility and alcohol consumption.

Alcohol addiction causes mental retardation, malformation, developmental delay and behavioral disorder in infants.

why could it be . These effects are dose related. A mother consumes more than 4 glasses of alcohol per day.

While 19% of babies are affected when taken; With 2-4 glasses a day, this rate is around 11%.

IMPORTANCE OF EXERCISE:Being healthy includes both a balanced diet and regular exercise.

it depends. Therefore, regular exercise should be done. A pre-pregnancy exercise program

By applying it, the chances of having a comfortable and active pregnancy increase.


Pregnancy should be planned, appropriate changes in diet at least 3-4 months before conception.

should be done.

Weight loss should be done if necessary

Adequate balanced and high quality nutrition should be paid attention, and food diversity should be provided.

Folic acid supplementation should be made.

Physical activity should be increased.

Alcohol, cigarettes etc. substance use should be stopped.

If there is diabetes, PKU, a diet should be made with Medical Nutrition Therapy.

In case of drug use, the dose and content should be adjusted.

Nutrition in Old Age

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