NUTRITION IN PRESCHOOL PERIOD

Nutritional habits of children in pre-school period are an important aspect of development.
forms. What children eat contributes to skeletal growth, body shape, and disease.
(Santrock, 2011) Therefore, a correct eating habits in children
Building a habit is extremely important.
One of the factors affecting the eating habits in children is the care of the child.
the behavior of the person providing it, namely the parents. in early childhood
Eating behavior is a regular eating behavior with the child, the person who cares for the child.
when he eats with his schedule; model the child for healthy eating,
makes mealtimes enjoyable and participates in certain diets
is developing. (Santrock, 2011)
It is the last thing for children to have a certain routine for basic needs such as nutrition and sleep.
is extremely important. Research shows that adults who eat and sleep regularly
shows that they have largely gained in childhood. Also, eating and
behavior in terms of food and sleep in children whose sleep is not dependent on a certain routine.
problems are encountered. The reason for this is that especially preschool children,
Having a structure that constantly tests the limits in terms of socio-emotional development and
remembering what was said and done to him. If a child goes to bed at 9:00 a.m.
if he is not asked to go to bed at 23:00 the other night; This is when the child is asked to go to bed at 21:00.
he will object to the border and go to stubbornness because he has not heard about it before.
He knows. The same goes for food. For example, the family eats a regular meal.
If the child does not have a routine, when the parents want to eat at their own time
it will cause problems.

For the child, what the parents do is as important as what they say.
For example, at the table, the mother puts broccoli on the plates and eats it herself, but the father eats this dish.
If he doesn’t eat broccoli, the child most likely won’t eat broccoli. ‘Cause here boy, modeling
is learning. A child eating broccoli after learning that his father did not eat broccoli
Waiting is not right. Being a model for healthy eating as a parent
that is the intent. Children copy their parents’ eating habits. A meat eater
In the family, the mother tries to make her child eat vegetables occasionally, but it is difficult to achieve this.
If the child suffers from it, it is because eating vegetables does not take place in a certain routine and the child’s family
It is due to copying the eating habits.
Turning on the television while eating, using the child’s devices such as i-pad, phone
lingering is one of the wrong attitudes. Kids can eat with distractions like these in the first place
however, even these may not be enough for him to eat after a while. At the same time
Children who have such an eating habit also adopt this attitude in their adulthood.
are more likely to continue. Eating in front of the TV; obesity, high cholesterol
can cause health problems such as According to research by Leann Birch, the problem is
Pay attention to the amount or taste of food eaten while watching television, not watching television.
It is caused by overeating. (Birch, 2006)

What can be done?

 Today, the participation of mothers in working life, the prolongation of working hours, the
reasons such as mothers being tired, it is necessary to adjust the meal times to a certain routine.
made it difficult. However, children are a family’s most precious treasure, so for them
Self-sacrifice is very important. So breakfast, lunch, dinner
It should be noted that the food should be in a certain routine.

 Model for parents or other caregivers to eat healthy food
must be. Parents should not choose food either. Also, parents, I’m home.
If he doesn’t sit at the table for dinner because I had a snack on the way, or if he sits down for a moment or two.
It should not be forgotten that if he eats something, his child can imitate him.

 While eating, attention should be paid to the child’s focus only on eating.
Devices such as television and telephone should be kept off and away while eating. Meals

eating at the table, sitting in front of the TV, playing with children’s toys
feeding should be avoided.

 Child-specific cutlery can be used to make eating attractive.
For example, if the child likes the Spiderman character, his food is on the Spiderman plate.
can be presented.

 If the child has not acquired the habit of eating vegetables, it is difficult to gain this habit.
It should be noted that it may take a long time. Vegetable dishes as a starter
It can be added to the main dish as a taste. As a parent, you must
It should not be forgotten that you should also eat this dish. As a parent while eating
“Mmm how delicious it is” to each other, “this food is very useful to me from sickness
It will protect your child’s understanding of eating that food by saying sentences like “it will protect
You can stimulate his curiosity and encourage him to imitate you.

 Punishing a child for not eating may work in the short term but not in the long term.
naughty. Depriving a child of something because he does not eat food for him
makes eating a condition, a duty. If the child disagrees with you about not eating a meal
If he is getting stubborn, he should not be insisted. But first, eat until another meal
It should be explained to him in a way that he can understand that he will not be able to eat, that he will be hungry. If nevertheless
If he is persistent in not eating, the child should not be given food until another meal. for example
If your child has not had lunch, do not give anything to your child until dinner.
do not feed. Especially between these meals, give your child snacks such as chips and chocolate.
Avoid giving. Otherwise, your child is rewarded for not eating.
will be. If your child has a habit of eating fruit as a snack, continue this.
but do not eat more fruit than the normal routine because he does not eat. If you call
If the meal is eaten close to dinner, the child’s appetite may be choked.
should not be forgotten. At dinner, the plate was heaped because he did not eat lunch.
must not be filled. Give normal meal amount, more if he/she wants
sheep.

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