NUTRITION IN HYPERTENSION DISEASE

Hypertension is the most common cardiovascular disease in the world. Hypertension seen

While the incidence increases with age, the risk is higher after the age of 50.

High blood pressure (hypertension) systolic blood pressure >140 mmHg, diastolic blood pressure

>90 mmHg. In other words, systolic blood pressure >14, diastolic pressure >9

that is.

Combining antihypertensive drugs, physical activity and diet in the treatment of hypertension

carried out, the best results are achieved. quitting smoking or alcohol, obese or

Weight loss in obese individuals, reducing salt consumption has a positive effect on treatment.

provides. 5-10% reduction in weight in obese individuals Significant reduction in blood pressure

provides. Diabetes, which often accompanies hypertension, beyond the patient’s compliance with treatment,

Important factors such as metabolic syndrome, advanced age, kidney failure complicate the treatment and

increases complications.

Recommendations for Hypertension Patients

1. First of all, if people are overweight or obese, Body Mass Indexes should be in the normal range,

People should strive for weight loss.

2. Vegetable and fruit consumption should be increased. 8-10 servings can be consumed per day.

3. Dietary fat intake should be reduced. Particular attention should be paid to saturated fat consumption. Red

lean parts of meat or skinless chicken, fish, turkey meat can be consumed.

4. Oil types such as olive oil, sunflower oil, corn oil should be used instead of solid fat.

5. Milk and its products should be preferred with low fat. 2-3 servings per day can be consumed.

6. Salt consumption should be no more than 1.5 grams per day.

7. Moderate-intensity physical activity should be done for 30 minutes 5 times a week.

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