One of the patient groups that dietitians work the most is individuals with cardiovascular disease. Although the primary treatment is drug use, a good diet is essential in order to protect the existing heart health and prevent it from recurring in the future. Unhealthy lifestyle, smoking, physical inactivity, alcohol, malnutrition, not being at ideal weight pave the way for cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, lifestyle management has an important role in the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Nutritional habits, which are among the components of lifestyle, can affect risk factors such as cardiovascular risk, serum cholesterol, blood pressure, body weight and diabetes, with or independently of these risk factors.
Excessive consumption of sugar and sugary foods causes excessive energy intake. This means an increase in body weight. Being overweight can pose a risk for diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure and cancer, especially cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, we should be careful when consuming sugary foods.
The amount of sugar consumed daily, according to figures from the American Heart Association 36 grams (6 teaspoons) for men and 24 grams (4 teaspoons) for women should not pass. In other words, when you drink 1 can of carbonated beverage, you exceed the daily amount of sugar you can consume.
Excessive salt consumption leads to high blood pressure, heart and kidney diseases. That’s why we often hear the warning to reduce salt. So, how much salt should we consume to eat healthy? The World Health Organization determines the amount of salt that can be consumed daily. 5 g as recommends. If it is 5 grams, 1 teaspoon of saltit corresponds.
One of the issues that we should pay attention to in a healthy diet is fat consumption. Daily energy intake no more than 30% It should come from oils. So, which fats are healthy? Fats can be roughly divided into saturated and unsaturated fats:
- Fats that are solid at room temperature are those with a high saturated fat content. Saturated fats are mostly derived from foods of animal origin: such as meat, milk, and eggs. They raise bad cholesterol. This increases the risk of heart disease.
- Unsaturated fats are generally liquid at room temperature. They are obtained from plants and seeds such as olives, peanuts, hazelnuts and sesame. They raise good cholesterol and lower bad cholesterol. So unsaturated fats are healthier.