Our teeth play a major role in the chewing function. If we talk about tooth loss, over the years, we experience losses on our teeth, just like the negative health symptoms experienced in other parts of our body.
Prosthetic teeth come into play at this point. Occurring tooth losses can be eliminated with different types of prosthesis according to the number of losses;
- Fixed Prostheses
Fixed prostheses are the types of prosthesis that are fixed on adjacent teeth and that the patient perceives as their own tooth or teeth. Crowns in which material losses on a single tooth are eliminated or bridges in which tooth deficiencies are completed are called fixed prostheses.
Damage to the tooth as a result of caries or trauma, in some cases, leads to the loss of a large part of the tooth and weakening of the tooth. To strengthen the tooth in terms of durability, it must be covered with metal, ceramic or all-ceramic restorations. This coating, which restores the shape, color and function of the tooth, is called a crown.
Bridge construction is one of the methods used to eliminate tooth deficiencies. The missing tooth or teeth are tried to be restored to the bridges made by taking support from the neighboring teeth. For this reason, neighboring teeth need to be reduced to a certain extent. Bridges generally consist of a metal substructure to withstand chewing forces and a porcelain superstructure that provides aesthetics. However, in today’s technology, it is possible to make more aesthetic and natural bridges with only porcelain in some cases.
- Removable Prostheses
Removable dentures are the treatment method often used to complete missing teeth. It is applied in cases where the number of missing teeth cannot be compensated with a fixed prosthesis. The prosthesis is called partial prosthesis if it completes some of the missing teeth on the jaw, and it is called total prosthesis if all the teeth in the jaw are missing.
We all worry that when we wear dentures, the dentures in our mouth will be noticed immediately. However, in today’s technology, it has become quite easy to provide a natural appearance with prostheses and to fully meet the aesthetic expectations of the patient.
If you have lost all or part of your teeth, dentures will improve your vision, speech, bite and chewing of food. If the prosthesis is not made, the natural teeth may bend towards the gap where the adjacent teeth are missing; The upper teeth can be displaced downwards and the lower teeth upwards. In this case, it prevents your remaining teeth from performing the bite and chewing function properly. Prostheses can be applied to your mouth immediately after your teeth are extracted, this type of prosthesis is called ‘immediate prosthesis’.
- Cleaning of Removable Dentures
If you have removable dentures, it is very important to keep them clean. Cleaning dentures is easier than cleaning natural teeth.
Things to pay attention
- Wash the prosthesis in a bowl of water so that it does not break, so that if you drop it, the possibility of breakage is eliminated.
- Brush daily with a medium-hard brush.
- You can use toothpaste or soap, but your mouth should be rinsed thoroughly before applying.
- At night, the dentures should be removed from the mouth and placed in a container filled with water to ensure that the tissues in the mouth are in contact with saliva and ventilate.
- Implant Top Prostheses
Implants are a method used to complete missing teeth. Since a part of the implant is surgically placed into the bone like a natural tooth root, patients feel and use the implants like real teeth. This procedure is usually done with local anesthesia. In our hospital, you can also perform this procedure in the operating room with general anesthesia or sedation. Following the fusion of the implants with the jawbone, fixed or removable prostheses are applied.