Nausea in Pregnancy

Pregnancy is a period that brings many good feelings for expectant mothers. The development process of the baby in the mother’s womb and the emergence of a new creature bring about many changes in the mother’s body. These changes also affect mood.

Apart from the many good feelings that the pregnancy process brings to the mother, there are also difficulties. Nausea and vomiting are among these difficulties. Nausea and vomiting, which is also a sign of pregnancy; It is a condition that many expectant mothers experience during pregnancy and sometimes negatively affects their social life. These complaints can prevent expectant mothers from doing their daily activities and make food consumption difficult. As a result, various problems may arise that affect maternal and infant health.

What causes nausea in pregnancy?

As I mentioned above, expectant mothers experience many physical and psychological changes during pregnancy. Most of these changes are related to the hormonal release that changes with pregnancy. The common cause of nausea during pregnancy is hormonal changes.

The increase in the hormone HCG, also known as the pregnancy hormone, is mostly a sign of pregnancy. The increase in this hormone, which heralds pregnancy, is also the cause of nausea during pregnancy.

Sensitivity to smell during pregnancy is also the cause of nausea during pregnancy. Even the smell of normally loved foods can be disturbing during this period. This kind of disgusting smells can cause or increase the complaints of nausea during pregnancy.

Is nausea normal during pregnancy?

Nausea during pregnancy is caused by hormonal changes and sensitivity to smell. As can be understood from this situation, nausea during pregnancy is normal.

Although nausea during pregnancy is normal, the pregnancy process of every expectant mother does not proceed in the same way. While some expectant mothers do not experience any nausea during the entire pregnancy, most expectant mothers experience this situation for about 3 months. There are also expectant mothers who experience these nausea complaints throughout the entire pregnancy.

Can nausea during pregnancy be harmful?

The point to be considered about nausea in pregnancy is whether it causes weight, water and electrolyte loss. Nausea during pregnancy can make food intake difficult. Fluid and electrolyte loss may occur due to vomiting.

In the expectant mother; Mild nausea that does not cause weight, fluid and electrolyte loss is normal and not harmful to mother and baby. However, if the fluid and electrolyte loss in the mother as a result of severe vomiting is not treated, it will harm the mother and the baby. This situation requires serious treatment and follow-up under the control of a physician.

If the expectant mother vomits a lot during the day, has abdominal pain and cramps, if nausea and vomiting are accompanied by fever or diarrhea, if she has weight loss, if signs of dehydration (reduction in the amount of urine, darkening of the color, etc.) have begun to occur, and if she cannot consume food and drink due to nausea definitelydoctor should be consulted.

When does nausea begin and end during pregnancy?

Nausea complaints that many expectant mothers face during pregnancy are usually seen in the first 3 months of pregnancy.

Nausea complaints during pregnancy usually start in the 6th week of pregnancy. Accepted early period for nausea is 4-8. for weeks. 8-10, in which the concentration of the HCG hormone, which causes nausea complaints, increases. These are the weeks when nausea is most common.

At the end of this period, when it is most common and severe, as the body begins to adapt to this hormonal change, the nausea begins to subside, but continues for a while. Under normal conditions, these nausea decrease and improve until the 16th week. Unfortunately, this may not be true for all expectant mothers. Some expectant mothers are on the 5-6th week of pregnancy. may experience this problem. It can even last until the end of the pregnancy process.

Nausea during pregnancy is usually seen in the morning hours because the stomach is empty. Sometimes it can spread to the whole day, affecting the daily life of the expectant mother, making food intake difficult. In this case, the expectant mother should rearrange her diet. With a few simple suggestions to make, these complaints can be minimized and alleviated.

Tips to prevent or alleviate nausea during pregnancy

  • Morning sickness is most common during pregnancy. Those who experience morning sickness should not get out of bed when they wake up. First of all, he should get up slowly after sitting in bed for a while. Before getting out of bed, consuming foods that reduce stomach acid such as saltine crackers, dry bread and chickpeas can prevent nausea.

  • The food should not be loaded all at once and the stomach should not be left empty. Take care to eat little and often.

  • Chew your food slowly and thoroughly.

  • Do not choose excessively oily, spicy, sugary foods.

  • Sensitivity to odors occurs during pregnancy. For this reason, some odors increase the complaint of nausea. In the process of nausea, heavy-smelling foods and perfumes that can cause nausea should be avoided.

  • Stress and fatigue increase nausea. Therefore, it is very important to get enough rest and stay away from stress.

  • Do not lie down immediately after a meal.

  • Stuffy rooms, heat, humidity, noise etc. Environmental factors also increase nausea.

  • Vitamin B6 reduces pregnancy nausea. With doctor’s approvalreinforcement can be used.

  • Do not consume liquid foods with the main meals as they will fill the stomach too much. You can shift liquid foods to snacks.

  • Liquids should be consumed in sips, not all at once.

Foods that are good for nausea during pregnancy

Some foods consumed during pregnancy can reduce nausea. These:

  • Apple juice

  • Lemon

  • Lemonade

  • Mint/ Mint tea ( (Excessive use during pregnancy may cause miscarriage. Those with low risk should not consume it without consulting their doctor.)

  • linden tea

  • Buttermilk

  • Yogurt

  • Cheese

  • Boiled potato

  • to eat

  • Pretzel

  • Roasted chickpea

  • Avocado

  • Ginger/ ginger tea (Excessive consumption may cause miscarriage in pregnancy. 1 gram of ginger per day is considered safe. Daily drinking ginger tea should not exceed 2 cups. Consult your doctor before use.)

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