Nasal Congestion in Babies

Intranasal airway is very narrow in newborns and children compared to adults. That’s why here
any abnormal development causes complaints to appear suddenly. Nose
It acts as a guardian of the lower respiratory tract and is given to the lungs by humidifying the air from the nose.
It is very important for the respiratory balance of the body.

The snot in the nose moistens the air inhaled through the nose and keeps foreign bodies inside the nose.
It ensures the protection of the laying cover. This slime has a rhythmic cycle. This is loop nose
Depending on the increase and decrease in the fullness of the nasal concha (concha), both noses
alternately between This is not fully noticed in our daily life, but in the nose
becomes evident when there is congestion.

In addition, there is a relationship between the nose and the lungs, which is governed by an important center in the brain.
On the side where the nose is blocked, the lung respiratory capacity is low. More resistance in the nose on this side
It also increases the lung resistance and the air going to the lungs decreases.

Causes of Congestion in the Nose
Congenital Causes

It is the most common choanal atresia. The area between the back of the nose and the nasal passage is closed by a membrane or bone tissue.
This situation manifests itself from the day the child is born. It can be unilateral or double sided.

In the septum (the structure that separates the two nostrils in the nose) due to falls during birth or later
deformation, deviation (curvature) and hematoma (blood accumulation) may occur. Foreign body in the nose
Some cysts and tumors are also causes of nasal congestion.

Causes of nasal congestion afterwards:

One of the most common causes is adenoid. It is quite small at birth. At the age of 1-2 years, the child’s own immunity
begins to grow as the system is formed. During puberty, it shrinks. Contact with nasal air
and is constantly washed with mucus. Therefore, it is in contact with various microbial agents (antigens).
It produces antibodies by activating the immune system. If this activity is high, contact with excess antigen and
allergy is greater. Due to the overgrowth, a chronic inflammatory discharge and congestion occurs.

Regardless of the size of the tonsils, excessive growth in the adenoids is very serious in the nose.
creates difficulties. As I mentioned before, the increase in the resistance in the nose causes the decrease in lung respiration.
causes. This is generally due to the decrease in oxygen in the body and the resulting overwork of the heart.
results.

Since the adenoid is also the area where microbes are kept, frequent middle ear infections and upper respiratory infections are avoided.
can cause tract infections. In smoking environments, cigarette smoke is absorbed by this tissue.
It is kept in the ear and causes edema in the eustachian tubes that allow the aeration of the ear, and pain, fluid accumulation and
causes an inflammatory reaction.

The allergy factor in nasal congestion should not be forgotten. Against some natural substances in normal people
While a reaction does not develop, some people give an excessive immune response to these substances to prevent invasion.
These are called allergic bodies. Allergens cause unwanted effects in the person’s body as a result of this response.
It releases certain chemicals. These substances are nasal congestion swelling itching excessive mucus
causes its formation.

Sinusitis is another cause of nasal congestion. Sinusitis in children is usually accompanied by a long lasting cold.
occurs. The presence of excess nasal secretion and the consistency of the secretions cause a decrease in nasal drainage and
It causes the accumulation of mucus in the nose. As a result, chronic changes in the nasal covering
and infections occur.

Sinusitis is completely healed with the right medical treatment. However, in some systemic diseases or congenital
If it is with diseases, it is difficult to heal and sometimes the polyps arising from the sinuses are the meat we touch.
may occur. In this case, surgical treatment is required. Examination is done with an endoscopic system.

Nasal Meat
Behind the nose, next to the eustachian tubes (the channel between the ear and the nose), we call the nasopharynx (nasal)
is the lymph tissue found in clusters in the region.

Symptoms

Dry mouth bad odor
Snore
discharge from the back of the nose
Sleeping disorders
sleep apnea
frequent awakenings
Nutritional disorders
developmental delay
concentration disorder
What to do ?

Routine otolaryngological examination, endoscopic examination, radiography and discharge in examinations are necessary.
culture is taken, allergy tests are applied. Appropriate medical or surgical treatment is performed depending on the cause.

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