Our nails are the protective covers of the tips of our hands and feet. It consists of a tough durable protein called keratin.
Fingernails grow 3.5mm per month and toenails 1.6mm per month. Nail growth depends on age, months and structure. Nails grow faster in the summer.
Nail growth is slower in women than in men, except during pregnancy.
Nail growth is affected by disease, diet, drugs, trauma, chronic diseases, fever, and age.
About 10 percent of dermatological diseases are nail diseases.
Nails indicate your general health. Discoloration or thickening of the nails indicates health problems. Liver diseases, kidney diseases, heart and lung problems, anemia and diabetes are among them. Discoloration of the nails, deterioration in shape, thickness, bleeding at the edges of the nails, pain, discoloration are the symptoms of nail diseases.
Fungal infections account for 50 percent of nail diseases. Since toenails are more affected by environmental conditions, they are more prominent on the feet. In addition, skin cancers, which we call melanoma, can rarely develop from the nail bed and are confused with traumatic bleeding. You should consult a dermatologist when you see dark changes and streaking in the nail bed.
White spots may occur after nail damage.
Red lines under the nail may occur due to trauma, drugs and diseases.
Bacterial infections can occur with bruising, poor hygiene, nail biting, and constant exposure to water.
Non-growing nails are caused by tics, tight shoes, and digestive problems that cause nail trauma.
For healthy nails:
Clean nails are essential. Keep your nails short and clean. Cutting your nails straight and parallel to the center ensures healthy growth. If the toenails are thick and difficult to cut, soak the foot in warm salt water for 10 minutes, apply urea and salicylic acid creams. These processes soften the nails and make them easy to cut.
Moisturize your nails to prevent them from becoming thin and prone to breakage.
It is necessary to wear suitable shoes, narrow shoes lead to non-extensible nails.
Don’t bite your nails. Nail biting allows the bacteria in the mouth and the bacteria in the hand to be carried. It also prepares the ground for the formation of infection through tissue damage.
Nail problems are common in people with diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Such patients should be checked by a dermatologist.
Hygiene rules are observed in many beauty salons, but you should still pay special attention to whether it is sterile while having a manicure-pedicure. You should use your own manicure-pedicure set because infection is very common in common use. Do not cut or bite the cuticle. This can cause infection as well as damage to the nail bed.
Acetone dries out the nails, so it should be used sparingly.
If you have an allergic reaction to nail cosmetics, if you experience itching and burning, consult your dermatologist.
False nails can cause a fungal infection or deterioration of the underlying nail.
In order for your nails to be shiny and healthy, you should pay attention to your diet. Zinc and calcium are beneficial for nails. Consumption of protein, fruits, vegetables, nuts, fish and eggs is beneficial for nails. Apples, asparagus, brown rice, cucumbers, garlic, grapes, liver, nuts, onions, salmon, seeds, soy, tuna, and whole grains are also good for your nails.