Separation anxiety is the inability of the person to leave the person or home, or the home or person.
It is defined by feeling intense anxiety and restlessness when away from it. This disorder is in children.
clinging to mother or primary caregiver, crying attacks when away from mother
is seen. When these children reach school age, they may show adaptation problems to school. Separation
Children with anxiety may be tempted not to go to school in the morning, saying they are sick.
may refuse school, experience somatic symptoms due to school stress, and indeed
they may experience nausea, stomachaches and headaches and be absent. This disorder is high school age
It can also be seen as truancy from school in adolescents.
Separation anxiety is based on Attachment Theory. Attachment theory, mother and baby
It is a bond of trust. The baby is completely dependent on the mother in the first two years after birth.
is a living thing; It needs its mother to protect itself from dangers and survive. During this period of the mother
It is safe for the baby to meet his vital needs and to offer him a warm and safe environment.
essential for bonding to occur. In secure attachment, the baby will be fed when hungry,
He knows that when he cries, he will be taken care of and protected from dangers.
This is the first and most important feeling of confidence that the child will have in the outside world and in himself in his later years.
is an important step. Because secure attachment is needed while the child discovers his life and himself.
It provides a safe environment away from the dangers it feels. So the child can calmly explore the outside world.
can examine, learn through exploration and observation, and receive useful feedback from the mother.
Children who are securely attached to their mothers become restless when their mothers leave the room; mom back
When they come, they show joy. Older children, on the other hand, may experience restlessness.
they can calm themselves down by thinking that the mother will definitely come back. It’s safe
It is the biggest discriminator of attachment.
Separation anxiety is also related to the absence of secure attachment, to the caregiver of the child in infancy.
It is often seen in situations where it is attached in an anxious and insecure way. Apart from that, excessive
anxious/anxious/protective parental attitudes, inconsistent care or warmth towards the child
attitudes, being apart for a long time in infancy, traumatic experiences with the theme of separation in childhood
It can also cause separation anxiety.
Although school refusal is common in separation anxiety, it is more common that the child cannot be separated from the mother.
is in the plan. Studies have shown that the basis of school refusal in separation anxiety
rather than the child’s unwillingness to go to school, to be in a separate environment from the mother.
He claims that he cannot lift it. For this reason, even if children go to school, their mothers
ask them to wait until school is over and to stand where they can see them when they look out the window.
it does. It is possible that harm may come to their mothers in an environment where they are not present at later ages.
They cannot get away from their mothers because of their anxiety and have difficulty in going to school on their own.
Safe to be established between 0-2 years old with baby to prevent separation anxiety
Connecting is essential. Likewise, it is also reassuring during weaning and toilet training.
and the warm attitude should be maintained, but at the same time the boundaries should be set consistently and clearly.
The child should be given age-appropriate tasks and encouraged to do these tasks alone.
Overprotective behavior should not be done, the child should be allowed to explore and make mistakes; He
she discovers and plays that your mother will do whatever is necessary to keep her safe and even if she goes
He should know that he will come back.
Prolonged separations should be avoided in the critical age range (0-2); but after 2 years
with short-term separations (such as leaving the child with a caregiver for a certain period of time in accordance with his age)
Preparing for school is also very important. Progressive exposure and family therapy for anxious children;
Cognitive behavioral therapy is also very beneficial in adolescents with absenteeism and adjustment problems.