World Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Day is celebrated on Wednesdays in the last week of May. Efforts are made to inform and raise awareness about the disease. MS is a disease that affects the brain and spinal cord, namely the central nervous system. There are publications on the increase in its frequency in our country and in the world. Although the reasons are not known exactly, as a result of incorrect coding, the immune system identifies any part of the nervous system as foreign and fights against it. It is estimated that the immune system is stimulated for many reasons. Among these, nutritional changes, intestinal flora disorder, vitamin D deficiency, various infections, and chronic toxicity are blamed. As a result, MS disease reveals different findings according to the nerve that the immune system attacks and destroys. MS disease, which manifests itself in attacks, can occur with different severity, frequency and findings in each person.
The story of each MS patient differs from the other. In general, the onset of the disease is between 30-40 years of age. It is seen that intellectual and working women are more likely to catch MS disease, which can be caused by genetic predisposition and viruses acquired in adulthood.
MS disease is the most; It gives symptoms such as vision problems, perception problems, numbness, loss of strength, abnormal muscle spasms, movement problems, balance difficulties, speech disorders, difficulty in swallowing, visual disturbances, extreme fatigue, acute or chronic pain, problems in the urinary bladder and intestines, and depression. For this reason, the disease is named by senior teachers as ‘monkey-like’ meaning taking shape.
In order to diagnose MS disease, it is important to know the patient’s history and neurological examination. MRI and analysis of cerebrospinal fluid also make important contributions to the diagnosis of MS disease. In addition, the disease can be diagnosed by applying electricity from the arms and legs, which are called evoked responses, and looking at the detection times in the relevant centers. Visual and hearing functions can also be tested with the same methods.
There is no complete cure for the disease. Treatments are applied to reduce MS attacks and their effects. High-dose cortisone treatment is applied to reduce the duration and effect of attacks. Since cortisone is applied in a short time, it does not have much side effects on human health. Immunomodulatory drug therapy is applied to reduce the number of attacks in patients who have frequent attacks. In addition to these, it is important to manage the course of the disease, to ensure the diet, to reduce the toxic load.