Most Common Problems in Gifted Children and Effective Parental Attitudes

Gifted children are those who perform better than their peers in some special areas and
children who achieve high achievement in their fields. in all cultures and at all socio-economic levels
It is possible to come across gifted children.

Giftedness consists of the combination of talent, creativity and motivation that exist in human beings.
Talented individuals demonstrate significant success in any field by developing these three areas. (Renzulli, 1986)

High academic achievement, talent in artistic and sportive activities, group relations in these people
characteristics such as leadership, curiosity and interest in inventing and discovering are seen. gifted children
They are children who score approximately 130 and above on standard intelligence tests.

Unusual agility in infancy, long attention span, broad imagination and imagination, less need for sleep
hearing, being energetic, advancing faster to developmental milestones, observing keenly,
curiosity, strong memory, early and extraordinary language development, fast learning ability, hypersensitivity, intelligence
execution and problem solving skills, perfectionism, games with numbers, puzzles and puzzles
skills, excessive interest in books, asking questions, having a wide range of interests, advanced
sense of humor, critical thinking, inventiveness, multitasking,
Features such as concentration and creativity are common in the early stages of gifted children.
(Jackson & Klein, 1997; Davis & Rimm, 1998).

The simplest diagnostic criteria determined by people working in the field of gifted people are as follows (Akarsu, 2001):
1) Outperforming their peers in at least one skill area
2) Effective use of language
3) Curiosity and intense interest in certain topics
4) Quick learning
5) Strong memory
6) Being highly sensitive
7) Having unique expressions
8) Preferring new and difficult experiences
9) Do not make friends with older people
10) Adapt quickly to new situations
11) Don’t be fond of reading

The features observed in gifted children can be observed to a certain extent in all children.
are features. In order for it to be an indicator of giftedness, many of these characteristics must belong to the relevant age group.
It should naturally be observed in the child at a level above the measures it shows (Akarsu,
2001)

Gifted children can maintain their attention for a long time and their memory is more effective.

Perception, comprehension and learning speeds are better because they can use it. For this reason, inter-
concluding, reducing abstract concepts to concrete situations, generalizing or analyzing.

cognitive abilities are improved. Curious and interested, their questioning way of thinking keeps them interested in new things.
ability to discover or invent new things.

In addition to good cognitive features, they have social and emotional intelligence
differ from children. Understanding the feelings and thoughts of others, sensing their intentions
They’re pretty good at it. Their perfectionist nature increases their awareness of many issues.
They are children with emotional depth.

Of course, it is important for the child to have good cognitive skills or to be talented in certain areas.
though heredity has a large share; in areas such as social skills, emotion regulation, self and personality development
The determining factor that plays an important role is the environment. Family attitudes form the core of environmental factors.
In summary, the success-prone inheritance ground of gifted children can only be achieved with effective family attitudes.
If it is supported, there will be complete happiness and success for the child. Otherwise, for the child
This rich internal structure, which is an advantage, can turn into serious disadvantages in the personality development of the child.

Namely,
– Perfectionist and determined personality structures lead to high expectations of themselves and
may cause them to stumble.
– Being inquisitive may cause conflicts with authority.
– Easy success in school can undermine his regular study habits.
– Learning faster than other children and the desire to express themselves, order in the classroom environment
It can lead to disruption and exclusion in friendships.
– Being ahead of other children causes them to develop disruptive emotions such as belittlement of their peers.
it could be. The polarization may increase as the group also begins to label the child as “smug”.
– Because they get bored easily with monotony, they can be easily distracted by activities and get things done
problems may arise.
– Insist on doing many things their own way after a while because they learn quickly
they may be.
– Due to their emotional nature, they can be heavily influenced by failure or rejection.
– Coping with negative emotions (such as worthlessness and failure) due to their high awareness
They experience difficulties and such as speaking in class, slandering, organizing the person they see as a rival against others.
may exhibit inappropriate behavior.

With the increase in such situations, superiors who are increasingly failing to regulate their emotions and behaviors
Talented children begin to build negative self-esteem and acquire problematic personality traits with adolescence.
they become prone. These important skills that can carry the child to good places in the future, effective family
maybe successful but socially maladaptive when not supported by their
will become unloved, unable to establish lasting relationships. It should not be forgotten that personal happiness
The key is to have a healthy personality.

The most important component of effective family attitudes is to set limits for the child. In an environment where there are no rules
The child will feel lost after a while. Because the limits are in the child’s reaching the goal.
are like signs that show him the way. A few considerations in setting effective boundaries for gifted children

the point is:

1) It is necessary to pay attention to whether it carries the freedom or responsibility given.
2) While creating the rules, it is necessary to give him a voice and listen to his feelings.
3) It is important to help them explore the options before them as they choose and make.
4) To face the consequences of their choices without offending them and to give them the opportunity to experience these consequences.
must.

In addition, it is effective with the child in negative life events where he cannot regulate his emotions.
Being able to have conversations is essential for effective communication. As mentioned above, often
These children, who experience emotional overflows, need guidance to deal with their emotions. Especially
The most serious mistake they make when they open up to you is constantly comparing themselves to others.
you can see it is. You say “he is not successful” “he always gets full points, I always make mistakes”
They may come up with reproaches such as “the teacher loves him best”. The child’s involvement in these comparisons
intensifies his emotions. So what exactly are you going to do in the situations your child expresses?
to understand that you are upset and to catch dysfunctional or faulty thoughts and get rid of those thoughts.
You should be able to save. For example, the child making social comparisons asks him to focus on himself.
Things like keeping his own success chart may be required. So his belief that he’s failed will rot
and avoid social comparison.

In addition, it is especially important for their families to follow the needs of their children and to realize their potential.
They need to create spaces for them to manifest. Artistic activities such as painting, music
There may be competitions where they can test their knowledge and skills. Of course, to be able to
It is important for families to be in constant contact with their teachers. Sometimes important things about children
information is obtained by observing them in their natural environment, which makes the teacher’s observations valuable.

With the developing world, the acceleration of the flow of information and the convenience of acquiring information facilitate the mental health of children.
While helping them to develop themselves, unfortunately, their psychosocial development is in the background.
can stay. In fact, the most important thing is of course, besides academic success, the child does well.
It is to know what he wants, to know what he wants and to learn to control his personal weaknesses. Limits to the child
appropriate spaces for him to put himself in, to help regulate his emotions, and to realize himself.
The family can support the psychosocial development of the child through attitudes such as creating. However, families
While developing these and similar attitudes, they may encounter intense resistance in the child. Moreover
they often do not understand what they need and exactly what they want.
depression, anxiety disorders, school phobia, loss of motivation, behavior
Problems such as bruises may develop. In such cases, it is important as a family to consult a specialist.
As a matter of fact, children meet regularly without any problems and they have a trust relationship.
Having an expert they set up will be protective for them. Indeed, the above-mentioned problems arise.
These are problems with a high risk of coming out, and as with any problem, it’s best to solve the problem before it gets bigger.

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