moles

What are moles?
Moles are usually harmless changes in your skin. They are medically known as melanocytic nevi and
They develop as a result of the proliferation of pigment cells called melanocytes (the cells that give the skin its color).

How can moles be seen?

Moles can be flat or raised. Their color can vary from pink to brown to black. moles
The number varies genetically and depending on the degree of sun exposure.

When do moles form and how do they develop?

While moles may be present at birth, they usually develop in childhood. nevus in the early stage
cells are located between the upper layer of the skin (epidermis) and the middle part of the skin (dermis). to these nevi
It is called a junctional nevus. These moles are flat and colorful. As the moles develop, the nevus cells migrate into the dermis.
They spread (compound nevus) or are found only in the dermis (dermal nevus). These moles are thickened and
They are often raised from the skin surface. Non-colored dermal nevi are called cellular nevi.
Some nevi are very dark blue in color and are called blue nevi. Moles are exposed to the sun
They darken after pregnancy and during pregnancy. They lose their color in adulthood and in old age
they can disappear completely.

What are the types of me?

congenital pigmented nevus

A mole that is present at birth is called a congenital pigmented nevus. 1% of babies have these moles
is seen. They can range in size from a few millimeters to cover very large areas of the body. Especially
very large ones have a chance of developing into a skin cancer called melanoma.

halo nevus

Some moles are surrounded by a white ring. These types of moles appear in childhood and adolescence.
They do not cause any harm and over time, the mole and white ring in the middle disappear. sometimes color
change can also be seen in skin cancer called melanoma, if in doubt a biopsy may be required.

freckles

Freckles are small light brown flat patches of skin and are usually seen in light-colored people. Generally
They are found in areas exposed to the sun and their color darkens in summer.

unusual moles

Unusual moles are known as Clark Nevus (Atypical nevus). These moles appear abnormal.
They are large in size with irregular margins, often resembling a skin cancer called melanoma, but
they were mostly benign. Surgically, although not necessary due to their anxiety-inducing appearance
they can be removed. People with unusual moles, especially if they have a family history of skin cancer called melanoma.
carry a risk of contracting melanona.

What can changes in moles indicate?

Melanoma is cancer that arises from the pigment (dye) cells of the skin. If the size of an I,
If it changes its shape or color or if a new mole appears in adulthood, a dermatologist should definitely be consulted.
should be reviewed by a specialist. Dermatologists take pictures of moles with a method called dermatoscopy.
They can examine it with a magnifying glass and if necessary, they can also take a biopsy.

How are moles treated?

Although most moles are harmless and do not need to be removed, they can be treated in the following conditions:
should be done.

If there is a possibility of cancer: If the structure of a mole is irregular, spreading towards the environment and changing its color
should be treated. If a mole is in places where clothes, combs, and razors can hurt me
should be removed.
cosmetic reasons
What methods are moles treated?

1. Shaving biopsy

A raised mole on the skin can be easily treated with this method. After the skin is numbed with local anesthesia
then removed with a surgical blade or cautery. The wound heals leaving a solid white patch.

2. Surgical removal of the mole

This method is used if the mole is flat or if there is a suspicion of skin cancer, which we call melanoma. I’m full in the skin
It is removed with its thickness and then sutured. The removed mole is sent for pathological examination. surgically performed
There may be traces in the form of a thin line on the ground.

The hairs on the moles can be shaved. Removing it with tweezers causes inflammation under the mole.

May cause painful swelling.

How should the skin be examined?

-Do your personal skin examination once a month: If you see a change in your moles or if you see a new mole.
If you notice a rash, consult a Dermatologist.
– If you have multiple moles, atypical moles, pre-existing skin cancer or if your doctor recommended it
be examined regularly.
– If there are many moles and unusual moles, it may be useful to record with photographs. It’s called a dermatoscopy.
With this method, photos of moles can be taken and changes in moles that may herald melanoma can be easily
detectable.
How to protect yourself from skin cancer?
Sun protection is very important.
– Long-sleeved shirts, long pants and skirts, hats must be worn.
Use sunscreen. Use sunscreens with a protection factor of 30 and above.
Apply to sun-exposed areas.

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