Tooth loss, which occurs due to various reasons, is very important both in terms of health and aesthetics. While people with healthy, well-groomed and beautiful teeth are more comfortable in speaking, laughing and self-confidence, individuals with bad breath, discoloration and symmetry in their teeth can behave more timidly and distant in their relations with their surroundings.
When we say veneer and bridge in dentistry, there are 3 different materials. The outer layer of all of these is porcelain, so what we see in the mouth in these 3 treatments is porcelain. They are separated from each other thanks to the substance under the porcelain. All of them have different uses and indications.
1. Metal Backed Porcelain (there is a metal substructure under the porcelain)
2. Zirconium Porcelain (There is a zirconium infrastructure under the porcelain)
3. Full Ceramics (there is no different material under the porcelain, all porcelain)
What is an implant (tooth transplant)?
A dental implant is an artificial tooth root that is placed in the jawbone and made of suitable material in order to restore the function and aesthetics of missing teeth. It is a much safer, functional alternative treatment method compared to traditional veneers, bridges and palate prostheses.
What are the benefits of implant application?
Implant treatment is a comfortable, robust and reliable application. Prostheses made on implants replace real teeth and create a natural structure. While missing teeth are completed, healthy teeth remain untouched. It is much longer lasting than all prostheses.
Thanks to the confidence it makes you feel, it will also eliminate the negative psychological effects of tooth loss.
Is implant treatment long-lasting?
Studies to reveal a safe implant have been going on since the early 1800s. Today, there are implants on the market that are very close to perfection and have a clinical follow-up of 35-40 years. Your dentist will give you more detailed information on this subject.
In which situations can implants be used?
Implant treatment can be applied for every situation, whether there is a single tooth or more than one missing tooth, if there is enough bone for implant placement.
Can each patient be implanted?
Implant screws are structures that have a specific thickness and width. For this reason, the jawbone in the area where the implant is to be placed must have the height and width to accept this implant screw. The quality of the existing bone is one of the factors affecting the success of the implant. In addition, before the treatment and as long as the implant remains in the mouth, the gums must be completely healthy. As long as the general health of the patient is good, there is no upper age limit to prevent implant application. Implants can be applied to anyone with good general health. However, it may not be preferred to apply to very young patients whose bone development has not been completed.
- Metal Backed Porcelain
They have been used in dentistry for many years. Over time, their popularity without metal support (metal free)Although they are lost to veneers, it is still a type of veneer that we use safely in dentistry.
Porcelain is an aesthetic yet delicate material. If we are going to use porcelain in posterior chewing teeth, if we are going to make long bridges, we must strengthen it with a material.
In metal-supported porcelain, the porcelain that is placed on top and appears in the color of a tooth in the mouth is supported by a metal infrastructure. This metal fits the tooth like a hat and is completely under the porcelain.
This metal is invisible in your mouth, except for a thin line on the tongue side.
Zirconium Porcelain (There is a zirconium infrastructure under the porcelain)
If we want an aesthetic and durable coating, we prefer zirconium porcelain. We use zirconium porcelain in all veneers and bridges without distinguishing between back and front teeth.
The zirconium material under the porcelain is the same color as the porcelain, the inside and outside of the veneer look the same. They can be produced thinner and gentler, as there is no need to mask a metallic infrastructure. The gingiva recedes naturally over the years. In zirconium porcelain coated teeth, even if the gingiva is receded, zirconium in the same color as the tooth will reflect from under the gingiva, not the gray metal. This will not disturb the patient in terms of aesthetics.
Another plus of zirconium is its technology. Cad-Cam in the zirconium infrastructure laboratory (Computer aided design and production) Therefore, the margin of error is close to zero. When they are glued on the tooth, there is no gap, they do not leak, they do not take air. In this way, the underlying teeth do not rot.
- Full Ceramics
They’re very aesthetic. There are no 2 different substances in their structure, they are produced entirely from porcelain, therefore the incoming light is not refracted, it is reflected just like in natural teeth. These coatings provide both vitality and naturalness. Their biggest downside is that they’re more fragile than the other two options. That’s why we only use it on the front teeth. Teeth are prepared and measured in the first session, in the laboratory with the Cad Cam system. (Computerized design and production)It is prepared and adhered to the tooth in the next session.