Headache is frequently experienced in the community, and migraine is the most common type of headache. Migraine pain is in the class of prime headaches that are not associated with any other disease. Migraine pain can be seen in every person, in other words, age and gender factors are not distinctive when it comes to migraine pain.
Migraine, which is not an ordinary headache and is seen frequently, occurs in attacks. The incidence varies from person to person. While some people experience migraine attacks 1-2 times a year, some people may experience these attacks 1-2 times a month.
The duration of intense pain caused by migraine attacks can last for hours or for days in some people. Depending on the intensity of the attacks, they feel very bad during this pain, they cannot even find the energy to continue their daily work. During these attacks, severe headache, which is usually felt in one part of the head, and throbbing in the head region are experienced and these pains are wearing. In addition to these pains depending on the type of migraine, hypersensitivity to light, smell and sound is often accompanied. Exposure of people with increased sensitivity to light and sound increases the severity and weariness of the attacks. Migraines may also be accompanied by some physical symptoms. Some of them ; excessive desire to drink water, increase in appetite, diarrhea or constipation depending on the situation, swelling in the abdomen, palpitation. In addition to these symptoms, emotional symptoms can also be mentioned. Symptoms of attention deficits, excessive and unnecessary cheerfulness or stagnation and intense desire to sleep can be observed.
Genetic factors are mentioned in the first place for the causes of migraine. In addition, hormonal changes, diet, excessive drug consumption and disruptions in sleep-eating patterns may be the reasons. Additionally, research shows that stress plays a major triggering role for migraine attacks.
In the treatment of migraine, the effect of psychological support is important in addition to starting medication with a physician. Finding the underlying causes of stress and learning relaxation techniques from a psychologist who is expert in the field will help relieve attacks.