Menopause Period

Menopause literally means the last menstrual period. The period before and after the last menstruation, in which the symptoms of menopause are experienced, is called perimenopause, while the period after the last menstruation is called postmenopause. During this period, the ovaries slow down the release of two female hormones, estrogen and progesterone, and stop their production after a while. The diagnosis of menopause can be made retrospectively, if the person does not have a period for a year, the last menstruation is defined as menopause.

Some women go through menopause without any symptoms other than the end of their monthly menstrual bleeding. In other women, low estrogen causes physical changes such as hot flashes and sweating. These short-term changes can be moderate or severe and sometimes cause insomnia, anxiety, or depression. In addition to such felt changes, there are also unnoticed changes in the body that can lead to serious health problems that affect future health and quality of life, such as osteoporosis and heart disease.

What is the age at menopause?

The earliest indicators of low estrogen are irregular and variable menstrual bleeding. The most important factors affecting entry into menopause are heredity and race. The average age of menopause in Turkey is 47. However, it can be seen as “early” before the age of 40 and as “late” in the mid-50s. While the high number of births delays the meeting with menopause, smoking causes the age of menopause earlier. Another factor that determines the age of entering the menopause is the age of the woman’s own mother and aunt.

How does menopause occur?

Every woman is born with 400,000 – 500,000 eggs in her ovaries at the time of birth. This number is fixed and now the countdown has begun. The eggs wait calmly and silently in the ovaries until puberty, that is, the age of menstruation. In this period, in parallel with the development of the body, the secretion of sex-related hormones begins and the eggs mature and respond to this secretion. Regular menses indicate the maturation of the egg and the preparation of the female body for pregnancy each month. In each menstrual period, about 900 – 1000 eggs attempt to mature, but only one, rarely two, of these mature enough to form a new organism and are expelled from the ovary to be fertilized. The rest, the unselected, perish where they are. With the depletion of these eggs, menopause occurs, and the age of menopause differs from woman to woman.

What are the effects of menopause on women?

The menopausal period is a unique period for women. Menopause is not a disease. A series of hormonal changes occur in women entering menopause. During this period, the woman stops menstruating. This interruption is related to hormonal changes in women. This is a time not to be feared. In fact, this period should be a comfortable, happy, self-confident and peaceful period for women, both because sexual intercourse is in question without fear of becoming pregnant, and because the woman is now experienced in this regard.

One of the issues that frighten women who have entered the menopause period is losing their productivity. This issue puts both women who have children and those who do not have any children in a difficult situation. This is very normal. During this period, physiological events occur due to hormonal changes. Characteristics of this period include sweating, flushing, boredom, restlessness, fatigue, and sleep problems. During this period, some women may experience an increase in sexual desire, while others may experience a decrease. When we look at this period psychologically, a woman who has a regular life passes this period without much difficulty. This period, like adolescence, is a natural and passing period. Sometimes around 45 menopause can be entered. Sometimes around 50 is entered. In all these dates, heredity is effective. During this period, especially the spouse should be tolerant and understanding. And both spouses should know that this period is a temporary period.

What are the symptoms and consequences of menopause?

  • Cessation of menstrual bleeding

  • Hot flashes, night sweats

  • Palpitation

  • Insomnia

  • Irritability, depression, forgetfulness

  • crying spells

  • Slowing of mental functions, difficulty concentrating

  • Skin dryness, hair breakage and loss

  • predisposition to gain weight

  • painful intercourse

  • vaginal dryness

  • joint pains

  • osteoporosis

Related Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *