Managing the future; neurotherapy

Those who don’t travel die slowly

Those who do not read, those who do not listen to music, die slowly,

Those who do not have indulgence in their conscience

They die slowly…

Those who are captive to their habits, those who walk the same road every day,

Those who do not broaden and change their horizons,

Those who do not even risk changing the color of their clothes,

Or those who don’t talk to a stranger

They die slowly…

Those who run away from passions and excitement,

In the eyes of broken hearts mended

Those who avoid wanting to see the twinkle

They die slowly…

Those who are unhappy in love or work and do not change their direction,

Those who do not take risks to realize their dreams,

Those who have never strayed from reasonable advice even once in their lives,

They die slowly…

Pablo NERUDA

“Homeostosis” is the natural state of our body under normal conditions (imagine a shiny new car…) A healthy person is probably in a state of homeostosis while sitting in a cafe contemplating his girlfriend. His heart is in a normal rhythm, his blood pressure and respiration are normal. This gentleman, who is a little lecherous, begins to cut the girl at the next table, while the expected lover enters and the color changes. A serious quarrel ensues. The child’s heart rate and breathing increase. The blood per head rises, the skin becomes red, sweat prints, the mouth becomes dry. Because the body is currently in the protection reflex, namely “Allostosis”.

The girl walks out, ours does a “pufff!” and still returns to normal/homeostosis. Our brain controls these two basic mechanisms through the ‘HYPOTHHALAMUS’ way.

The above total region is called the MIDDLE BRAIN with its general definition. Here;

⦁ Thalamus: It is the dynamo and gateway of the brain. Low electricity is produced here, all the information coming into the body is sent to the brain from here.

⦁ Hypothalamus: It brings together the orders coming from all brain structures through hormonal (chemical) and neural (electrical) ways and creates Homeostosis and Allostosis.

⦁ Pituitary : It is the commander of the hypothalamus.

⦁ Amygdala: It is the emotional memory store.

⦁ Hippocampus: It is the long-term memory store.

⦁ Basal Ganglion: Features such as body movements, alertness, learning, emotional expression are also helpful.

⦁ Limbic System: It is the general name of the 6 sections above. It is the main factor of the so-called unconscious state.

The brainstem observed below is the primitive brain part. It is the origin/management center of our basic features such as breathing and heart rate, which are obligatory before intelligence/mind develops.

HPA Hypothalamus, pituitary (pituitary) and Adrenal (adrenal gland) in general, the normal functioning of the brain in the body’s Homeostosis or Allostosis; It is the basic way to enter protection mode. You can think of allostosis as the brain’s brake or fuse system. The hypothalamus is the brain’s mechanic. When the car starts to misfire (sugar, blood pressure, cholesterol, thyroid hormone levels are decreased or increased), it is directly activated. The mechanic does the repair in two ways, electrical and chemical. The chemical pathway takes the form of controlling the level of hormones through the pituitary.

In a (distorted) structure, hormones (cortisol, norepinephrine, CRH) anterior brain region + hippocampus INHIBE (stopping), amygdala exite (excitation) (in disorders such as depression, anxiety, autism, the overstimulated amygdala is enlarged, the effect of which is restricted in the anterior part of the brain). region, hippocampus).

Secreted by the pituitary;

Vasopressin: Frequent urination over a certain age if it decreases

FSH- LH : Menstrual irregularity in women

Testosterone: sperm production in men, relaxation of the heart vessel

Estrogen: Ovarian work in women

Prolactin: reduction of stress on milk production in women

Thyroid: energy production and transport, fat-sugar metabolism (TSH and TRH levels are low in depression and bipolar disorder).

Cholesterol is the basic structural molecule in the production of most of these hormones (including cortisone, progesterone) secreted by the pituitary.

Most of the cholesterol is produced by the body, very little of it is taken with food. Cholesterol is also an antioxidant. It is necessary for the use of vitamins (A, P, E and vitamin D production. High cholesterol is effective in brain, vascular and heart diseases. (However, the cholesterol diets that do not contain fat and eggs in recent times are absolutely wrong; According to old information, fats turn into cholesterol in the body. It clogs the vessels, causes heart disease and stroke. Red meat increases blood pressure, causes cancer.)

The new thought is that the KETOGENIC diet makes more sense. Higher fat, meat, vegetables, but minimal sugar (This method has led to positive results in patients with epilepsy, Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s.)

(Jonh Hopkins Medicol Institutions, 10 years of work by Dr John M. Freeman)

⦁ Clinical Cardiology

⦁ Interol Medicine

⦁ Jac Cordioloyy magazine publications…

The brain’s way of restructuring itself: PLASTICITY

Plasticity means an increase in the number of intercellular connections. (It is also an excellent self-protection rescue strategy/method since there is no new neuron generation.

If we examine the triangle above in terms of diseases;

Trauma/extreme stress ALD + (increased)

Depression Amygdala + AKI and Hippocampus – (Decreased)

Menopause ALD +

OCD ALD + (especially anterior cingulate ginus)

Suicide ALD + (especially anterior cingulate ginus)

Schizophrenia ALD +

The effect of drugs is mostly through the LIMBIC system. The drugs try to take over the task of the anterior region of the brain when they are used briefly. However, they cannot increase the plasticity of the brain. Plasticity occurs with the increase of intercellular (dendrite).

If Latin and scientific jargon gave you trouble, let’s take a break with a short poem.

Unknown, what dream reminds of tomorrow

Who tripped your life

Imprint of leather chains on your wrist

Souvenir from the sponge covered cell

Red-eyed hyena sitting on top

Twelve microwave lips

Saliva drips into my mouth

Through the bars inside me

A pharmacist trying to get the known out of me

Mass murders on my mind

This is a punishment given to me from the unknown…

I’m high in my brain

Fifty-six in Volta

Head broken six

The mistress of the cell is three

One serhat, one unknown, two in one walking body

a thousand micrograms of medicine passing through the veins

Some messenger some lipstick stained

half burned half left

I’m spitting out dozens of butts

There’s more tomorrow in every breath

One cigarette… half a cigarette… the last cigarette…

You have the chance to review neurotherapy, which is used in the therapy of the devil’s triangle (!) mentioned above, in our other articles.

It would be good for us to tell you about one or two very new treatment/therapy methods right now.

⦁ Look for the absolute amount of magnesium in the water you drink to be equal to calcium. (although a lot of water sold is very hard to find!)

⦁ Q 10 (Coenzyme 10) meets cellular energy needs.

L-cartin is involved in ATP activity together with keratin, carnosine, magnesium and calcium. It is antioxidant, strengthens the heart, is useful in Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s. Diobetle is effective in stress.

⦁ Lipoic Acid: Diabetics, cancer-stopping structure is available.

⦁ EDTA: It is administered intravenously. It is effective in all heavy metals. It cleans the calcium that causes atherosclerosis. Hypertension, claudication (walking pain due to leg vein occlusion) are effective.

In general, our intelligence can do nothing (for better or worse) as long as our emotions rule us. Passions overwhelm logic.

So in general we have two minds: one thinks and the other feels (our heart and our brain’s mind).

Our emotional brain developed long before our rational brain. The most important and ancient root of our emotional life is the sense of smell. The olfactory lobe center also consists of 2 different neuron layers:

⦁ Can the central smell be eaten? Is it sexually appropriate? Come closer, is texture the enemy? Gives run or chase messages.

The basic layers of the emotional brain are in the limbic system (limbus means ring in Latin). As the limbic system developed, it developed 2 skills: learning and remembering. This set us apart from all other living things. Like other creatures, making smart/intelligent choices, invariable automatic response, was now replaced by fine-tuned responses that matched the reaction of the environment. He had fine-tuned responses to match the reaction of an environment. If a food kills, don’t avoid it, don’t choose a stinky mate…

The later developing neocortex took things further. The amygdala (Latin for almond) is the main repository of emotional memory (together with the cingulate gyrus). Normally, all sensory organs (eye, ear, skin…) send signals to the thalamus, these are sent to the neocortex, where they combine and the necessary response is given.

However, apart from this main main road to/from the limbic system, there is another short and fast road; a small bundle of neurons goes directly from the thalamus to the amygdala. This pathway allows a quick response from the amygdala before the response of the cortex is prepared. While the neocortex produces a slow but well-tuned response, the amygdala takes this shortcut into action immediately (i.e., some emotional responses can occur without any conscious contribution). This response is ultimately careless, meaning to act before the event is certain. He gives us crazy instructions. The amygdala does this emergency based on the past information cortex (we see someone and their face reminds us of our uncle; information processing in the hippocampus provided this. But for some reason we don’t like the guy at all because we don’t like our uncle at all, which is produced by the amygdala.

In experiments in mice this express, fast path was determined to be 12 ms (milliseconds = 12 thousandths of a second) and is thought to be 24 ms in humans. The path from the thalamus to the neocortex is 4 times faster.

The prefrontal lobes act as a buffer against the sudden movements of the brain’s amygdala.

The right prefrontal lobes are the center of all negative emotions such as fear, anger, and so on. The left lobe controls these emotions by suppressing the right lobe.

For this reason, people with damaged prefrontal lobe amygdala circuit do not have any deterioration in intelligence or cognitive abilities, but they have difficulty in emotional choices because access to emotional knowledge is insufficient and it is not possible to reach emotional lessons from the past.

In short, our intuition and feelings are important. Dry logic comes into play after that. Our emotions are necessary for us to be rational.

In fact, the fact that drugs used in the treatment of epilepsy (Zyprexa, Seroquel, Risperdol, etc.) trigger a schizophrenic seizure is somewhat based on this. Because these drugs increase the secretion of dopamine, and dopamine increases the seizure of schizophrenia.

An epileptic seizure creates a very serious warning to the body. Our body is in danger of life. In the face of these, neurochemical stimuli (neurotransmitters; epinephrine, norepinephrine, dopamine, etc.) quickly send the message of resistance to the amygdala. We have described the express response of the amygdala above. Unfortunately, in epilepsy patients, the switch, that is, the movement of the prefrontal lobes, is stopped. For this reason, strengthening the frontal lobe must be prioritized in neurotherapy sessions in such patients.

Related Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.