Malnutrition and Nutritional Errors During Pregnancy

Although pregnancy is a normal process for women, it is a very special period with both the changes it creates in the body and the emotional changes it creates in the mother. Of course, the nutrition of this special period that brought about so much change should also be special.

While women are thinking about the health of the baby during pregnancy, they gain some nutritional habits that are actually wrong. Sometimes these mistakes are also influenced by the environment. For example, “You are two creatures, you must eat for two.” acquaintances who are constantly trying to make them eat something by saying. Adequate and balanced nutrition of the mother is important for the healthy birth of the baby. In other words, malnutrition during pregnancy also harms mother and baby in overnutrition. Due to malnutrition, the mother may experience weight loss, anemia, tooth decay, osteomalacia, and the risk of giving birth to a baby with low birth weight or various health problems may increase. Excessive weight gain during pregnancy may cause risky situations for the mother and baby such as cesarean section, delayed delivery date, meconium aspiration in the baby (popularly known as the baby swallowing feces in the mother’s womb).

During pregnancy, the need increases as the baby gets its needs from the mother. However, the baby’s needs are minimal in the first 3 months of pregnancy, which we call the first trimester, and this period can be completed without gaining weight. Especially during this period, one should not try to overeat by forcing oneself. In the following periods, more calories should be taken in addition to the normal diet. It is sufficient for a normal-weight individual to gain 11.5-14 kg, a low-weight individual 12.5-18 kg, an overweight individual 7-11.5 kg, and an obese individual 5-9 kg.

Pregnant women may prefer to use supplements directly, thinking that vitamin supplements are better. No supplement can replace nutrition and our priority should be natural nutrition. However, it may be necessary to supplement important nutrients such as folic acid, iron, omega 3 under the control of a doctor / dietitian.

One of the mistakes made during pregnancy is to try to meet the need for fluids from other liquids other than water. The nutrient that best meets the fluid needs of our body is water. In particular, ready-made fruit juices and acidic beverages should not be preferred. Consuming the fruit itself instead of freshly squeezed fruit juice provides less calories and is healthier.

Cakes made from white flour and sugar, sweets, pastries, and fried foods are foods that are lost during pregnancy. These high-calorie and unhealthy foods are consumed excessively with thoughts such as I am pregnant, I need to eat. The right thing is to consume these foods as sparingly and in small quantities as possible and to create a variety of colorful tables for yourself. One of the mistakes made during pregnancy is a uniform diet or consuming only certain foods. With a variety of foods, the body can also get the necessary vitamins and minerals. In the daily diet of the pregnant woman, an average of 2-3 glasses of milk/yogurt + 2 slices of cheese + 3-4 portions of meat group + 1 portion of egg / legumes + 6-7 portions of fruit / vegetables + 4-6 slices of bread + 1 portion of rice / pasta ( even if it doesn’t) should be.

In order not to cause loss of vitamins and minerals, the boiling water of vegetables and legumes should not be poured.

Meals can be prepared upon request, but frying should not be preferred. Instead, grill, oven, boiled methods should be used.

Pregnant women are generally conscious about caffeine-containing foods such as tea and coffee, but I still find it useful to remind them. Coffee should be limited to 1-2 pieces per day. Caffeine taken in large amounts can adversely affect the health of the baby and cause problems such as premature birth or low birth weight. In addition, it should not be forgotten that tea and coffee consumed with meals adversely affect iron absorption. It can be drunk 1 hour after meals. To increase iron absorption, it is appropriate to consume fruits containing vitamin C with meals.

As a result, whatever you eat during pregnancy and lactation, your baby will be fed with it. Therefore, in order for your baby to be healthy, you must first eat healthy. Always keep in mind that you should act with the awareness of adequate and balanced nutrition for healthy babies.

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