Social anxiety disorder, also called social phobia, is the name given to intense feelings of anxiety, fear, self-consciousness and shame that arise due to the fear of being observed or judged by others in the process of daily normal interactions.
Under normal circumstances, in some social situations, for example, going on a first date with a new acquaintance, making a presentation in a lecture, or participating in a job application, it may cause tension in the individual, but in social anxiety disorder, fear and anxiety cause the individual to avoid events to a degree that can disrupt his life. Severe stress can affect an individual’s daily routine, work, school, or other activities.
There are research results showing that social anxiety disorder is a learned behavior. Some individuals may develop social phobia after an uncomfortable or embarrassing social situation. In addition, it is thought that there is a relationship between parents who display anxious behaviors in social situations or who control their children more intensely or who are overprotective due to social anxiety disorder.
Various factors are thought to increase the risk of developing social anxiety disorder. Accordingly, individuals with social phobia in their biological parents or siblings are more likely to develop social anxiety disorder.
Untreated social anxiety disorder can negatively affect an individual’s life. Anxiety related to social phobia may prevent the individual from enjoying life, relationships, work or school. This can include substance abuse such as drinking too much alcohol, low academic or job failure, hypersensitivity to criticism, trouble expressing oneself, suicide or suicide attempts, isolation and difficulty in social relations, self-doubt, negative self-talk, and weakness. can lead to complications such as social skills.
An individual can keep a diary to track their personal life, to help them and their mental health professional identify what causes stress and what helps them feel better. By prioritizing the problems in his own life, the individual can manage his time and energy carefully, thereby reducing the anxiety he feels. In this process, it is recommended that the individual take time to do the things he likes.
Psychotherapy leads to improvement in symptoms seen in most cases of social anxiety disorder. In the therapy process, the individual learns how to recognize and change negative thoughts about himself. Develops skills that will help him gain confidence in social situations.