The liver, which is the largest organ of our body and the most effective organ in the realization of metabolic events, is very important for our health. Therefore, we need to pay attention to our liver health. The liver disease with the highest incidence in the community is fatty liver disease. Studies have shown that 25% of adult individuals have fatty liver. Up to 10% of a normal liver cell consists of fat. In fatty liver, this rate rises above 10% and excessive fat accumulation is observed. These accumulated fats are mostly triglycerides and cause structural and functional changes in the liver as a result of fatty liver. Fatty liver can be seen in individuals who do not use alcohol, as well as due to alcohol use. Inflammation of fatty liver in individuals who use alcohol is called alcoholic hepatitis. Fatty liver, which can also be seen in individuals who do not drink alcohol, is known as non-alcoholic fatty hepatitis (NASH).

While the main reason is alcohol use, other causes of fatty liver are; obesity, high amount of vitamin A use, rapid weight loss, pregnancy, some drugs used, diseases related to metabolism disorders.

Fatty liver is diagnosed with blood tests or ultrasound. Diagnosis is made when liver enzymes (SGOT, SGPT..) are elevated in blood tests and the liver is seen to be enlarged on ultrasound. Another method is liver biopsy.

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is easier to treat than alcohol-related fatty liver disease. Progression of the disease can be prevented and treated with careful nutrition. At this point, the diet is very important. Points to consider in nutrition therapy:

  1. Alcohol is the most damaging factor to the liver. With alcohol consumption, toxins accumulate in the body and these toxins damage liver cells. Damaged liver cells can cause irreversible diseases. For the health of the liver, primarily avoiding or minimizing alcohol consumption has an important place.

  2. Animal fat content of foods such as offal, fatty meats, minced meat, chicken skin is high. Consumption of foods high in animal fat and cholesterol should be avoided. Consumption of delicatessen products, sausage, salami and sausage should be avoided.

  1. Vegetables and fruits are high in fiber. Therefore, daily consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables should be increased. There are studies showing that artichoke helps to remove toxic substances from the liver. Therefore, increasing artichoke consumption will be important for liver health.

  2. A diet high in carbohydrates and sugar should be avoided. With the cholin substance in honey, it has a strengthening effect on the liver tissue. For this reason, it is important to use honey in certain proportions in the nutrition program.

  3. Increasing the foods containing antioxidants in the nutrition program will contribute to the treatment. At this point, it is very important to color the tables and increase the consumption of fruits and vegetables.

  4. Packaged and ready-to-eat foods have high content of additives and preservatives. These substances will burden the liver and affect its health. For this reason, natural products should be preferred and packaged ready-to-eat foods should be avoided.

  5. Paying attention to physical activity is also very important. You should combine physical activity with your healthy eating program and make it your lifestyle.

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