One of the important visual and functional structures in the external genitalia is the labia; It has two different shapes as inner, small lips, ie labium minus, and outer, large lips, ie labium majus. Labiums have some functions such as sexual stimulation, aesthetic appearance, protection against external factors such as infection by closing the chamber.
These lips, which can be noticed from a young age, tend to grow with age over time, and sometimes they can show excessive growth. Many factors such as sexual intercourse, pregnancy, use of industrial products such as cosmetics, hormonal disorders, infectious diseases, structural anomalies, hereditary conditions, varicose veins, smoking and substance use can cause excessive growth, sagging or asymmetrical deformities of the lips.
Such shape changes, which can develop at any age, can cause problems that affect a person’s quality of life. The most common discomforting problems are pain in general, difficulty in intercourse, small lips entering the chamber during intercourse, swelling and sagging, itching and odor causing intense and repetitive discharge, aesthetic visual displeasure, difficulty in wearing tight clothes and swimsuits, can be seen from the outside. and similar complaints. In all walks of life, women can apply for an operation in order to relieve their existing complaints by feeling such discomforts.
In general, the process of correcting the lips is called LABIOPLASTY. When we say labiaplasty, what is meant more, which is one of the most genital operations, is the process of reducing, cutting and repairing the labia minora; We can also name it as minor labiaplasty or labium minoroplasty.
The labiaplasty operation can be performed isolated unilaterally or bilaterally, and often clitoral hudoplasty (correction of excess, sagging tissues around the clitoris) is also performed in addition to this operation. Cutting and trimming operations can be performed with laser or directly using surgical instruments. No matter what instrument is used, different types of operations have been defined (linear excision, wedge resection, Z plasty…). Which procedure will be applied and how much tissue will be removed varies from person to person, that is, one type of operation cannot be applied for labiaplasty; Therefore, experience is very important in such operations. Many other genital plastic surgery or medical procedures can be applied simultaneously in combination. The procedure can be performed under general anesthesia in hospital conditions, or it can be applied with local/short-term analgesia in office and practice conditions.
The healing process varies according to the type of operation applied, the choice of tool used for cutting, and the combined operations added. After the operation, overnight stay in the hospital or clinic is not required under normal conditions, it is a day-to-day procedure. After a short observation, the patient is discharged with specific recommendations for the procedure. The use of antibiotics and various creams may be recommended additionally. Restriction of activity will be sufficient for a certain period of time, but movements that will cause friction between the legs should be avoided, it is important to keep the genital area dry and airy. The first bath can be done within 3-4 days, of course, no scrub should be applied to the treated area. A period of 4 weeks at the earliest will be sufficient for the first sexual intercourse. In general, we can say that there is a healing process that varies between 3 weeks and 8 weeks on average.
Apart from the side effects of the anesthesia, analgesics and drugs used, there are a limited number of side effects related to the operation. The pain will continue for a short time, and this situation will be easily resolved with painkillers. Edema may develop due to the operation, but this will resolve spontaneously over time, so the early appearance of the genital area will be misleading. Some undesirable side effects such as bleeding, opening of sutures, discharge, infection may occur, so postoperative wound care is important.
Again, undesirable, but the most important bad result that can be seen from time to time is that the external appearance is not in line with the expectation of the patient, and an asymmetrical appearance may also occur. Afterwards, unwanted appearances can be corrected with smaller operations called revisions.