Knee calcification is a condition in which the cartilage structure in the knee joint wears and wears off over time. With the effect of both advancing age and being overweight, these joints, which carry the weight of the body, gradually wear out, causing pain and difficulty in walking. Calcification, which starts from the cartilage, can also affect the bone under the cartilage, the joint capsule and the ligaments around the joint over time. The first target of orthopedic physicians knee arthritis is to detect the problem while it is still in its infancy and stop or slow its progress. If it is advanced and the cartilage structure is completely lost, the total knee arthroplasty surgery may be required.
Who Gets Knee Calcification? What are the Causes?
The two most important causes of knee osteoarthritis are advancing age and excess weight. As age progresses, cartilage wears out over time. Adding other factors to this calcification may become inevitable. Being overweight, which is another important reason, causes the load on the knee to be more difficult with the weight above the normal, and accordingly, it causes the joint cartilage to wear out faster. Each kilo above the normal causes the load on the knee to increase 3 times. Even if you do not have these two factors, which we focus on, you may encounter the problem of calcification. Saying “excessive weight and advancing age are the most important risk factors for osteoarthritis”
This does not mean that people will not be exposed to this disease. Genetic factors, weak muscles or some additional diseases may also pose a risk for osteoarthritis. KneeLet’s list all the causes of calcification in items:
• Excess weight
• familial factors
• Struck by the string
• Previous ligament, cartilage or meniscus injury
• Infection of the knee joint
• Rheumatic diseases
Knee Calcification Symptoms
• Pain… The most important symptom of knee osteoarthritis is pain. As the level progresses, the pain increases, walking may become difficult over time, even while resting, the pain may become unstoppable.
• Limitation of movement… Movements that can normally be done easily may become difficult. The person has difficulty walking, climbing stairs or squatting.
• Swelling… Sometimes swelling may occur in front of the knee. Although rare, it can also be seen on the back of the knee.
• Since knee osteoarthritis usually progresses in direct proportion to age, all these symptoms may occur gradually.
Knee Calcification Treatment
The method to treat knee osteoarthritis is decided according to the level of the disease and the patient’s complaints. The degrees of calcification are divided into 4. (Grade 1, grade 2, grade 3 and grade 4). The milder the level, the easier it will be to treat. Calcifications in the final stage knee arthroplasty Surgery may be required. Here, along with the level, the patient’s complaints are also important. If the cartilage defect is painful enough to wake you up from sleep, if you have a decrease in your knee movements and this complicates your daily life, if your life comfort has decreased and you have not benefited from the non-surgical methods tried knee arthroplastyit is inevitable.