Kidney and Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

Kidney inflammation, What is kidney infection?, What is urinary tract infection, What is Urinary Tract Inflammation?, What does pyelonephritis mean? : Urinary tract infection refers to a microbial infection in any part of the urinary tract, that is, the inflammation of these regions. Regarding the urinary tract upper urinary tract:kidneys, ureters, and lower urinary tract: bladder and urinary canal (urethra) should come to mind. Most of the infections are located in the lower urinary tract, namely the bladder, which is called cystitis. Cystitis is a urinary tract infection that affects the bladder. It is especially common in women. It usually heals on its own, sometimes requiring treatment with antibiotics. Urinary tract infections are more common in some people, especially women, and these patients may require long-term medication.

The risk of urinary tract infection is higher in women than in men. If the inflammatory condition is limited to the bladder, that is, the bladder, annoying symptoms such as pain during urination and frequent urination are observed, while if the inflammatory event spreads to the kidneys, much more serious consequences may occur. Urinary tract infections are usually treated with antibiotics, but solving the underlying cause of the inflammation is more important.

What are the Symptoms of Kidney and Urinary Tract Infection?

Urinary tract infections may not always give symptoms. Symptoms of kidney and urinary tract infections, urinary tract infection symptoms, urinary tract infection symptoms, urinary tract inflammation symptoms are as follows:

  • Constant and strong urge to urinate, Burning sensation while urinating

  • Frequent, small amounts of urination, difficulty urinating

  • urinating in a cloudy color

  • Red, bright pink, or cola-colored urine – if there is blood in the urine

  • Strong-smelling urination

  • Groin pain (pelvic pain) in women

  • Urinary tract infections seen in elderly people may not show any symptoms, so they may be overlooked or even confused with more serious disease symptoms.

According to the urinary tract area where urinary tract infections are located, the symptoms are as follows:

1- Kidneys infection (acute pyelonephritis), symptoms of kidney inflammation:

  • Back pain or flank pain

  • High fever, up to 40 degrees

  • In 50% of patients, bacteria can enter the blood, inflammation can spread to the whole body

  • chills and shivering

  • Nausea

  • Vomiting

2- Bladder inflammation, what are the symptoms of cystitis, symptoms of cystitis

  • Feeling of pressure in the groin, feeling of pelvic pressure, this pain spreading to the anus

  • Discomfort in the lower abdomen

  • Frequent, painful urination

  • bleeding in the urine, bloody urine, hematuria

  • the feeling of constantly peeing in women

  • There may be a feeling of pain during sexual contact.

3- Urinary tract inflammation, what is urethritis

  • burning while urinating

  • urethral discharge, urethral discharge

What are the causes of Kidney and Urinary Tract Infection? What causes cystitis?

Urinary tract infections typically occur when bacteria enter the urinary tract from the urethra and/or reach the bladder and begin to multiply. Normally, the urinary tract is quite protected against infections, but in some cases, bacteria cling to these areas and multiply and cause infection.

Urinary tract infections are most common in women and are usually located in the bladder and urinary tract (urethra).

What does acute cystitis mean, Bladder infection: The bacterium that causes cystitis is Escherichia coli (E. coli), a type of bacteria commonly found in the large intestine. In addition, many more bacteria can cause cystitis. Sexual contact, short urethra and proximity of the anus to the urethra are the reasons why women have more frequent cystitis.

Urinary tract infection (urethritis):This type of urinary tract infection can occur with the spread of intestinal bacteria from the anus to the urethra, as well as sexually transmitted infections such as herpes (genital herpes), gonorrhea (gonorrhea), chlamydia and mycoplasma due to the proximity of the urinary canal to the vagina.

Why Kidney and Urinary Tract Infections Cause and What Are the Risk Factors?

Urinary tract infections most commonly affect women, and many women have more than one urinary tract infection in their lifetime: Urinary tract infection causes in women, female-specific risk factors include: what causes cystitis?, what causes urinary tract infection?

Female anatomy: The fact that women are shorter than men shortens the distance for bacteria to reach the bladder. This causes women to get urinary tract infections more often than men.

Sexual Contact: Sexually active women are more likely to have urinary tract infections than non-sexually active women. Being with a new sexual partner also increases the risk. Honeymoon cystitis is an example.

Some birth control methods:Women who use a vaginal diaphragm to avoid getting pregnant and women who use intravaginal spermicide have a higher risk of developing urinary tract infections.

Menopause:After menopause, low levels of the female hormone (estrogen) cause changes that make the urinary tract more vulnerable to infections.

Other risk factors for urinary tract infections are:

Urinary tract abnormalities: Anatomical problems that cause congenital or acquired stenosis and obstruction in the urinary tracts and urinary canal prevent the flow of urine and cause urine ponding, which will be the basis for urinary tract infections. Again, the risk of urinary tract infection is high in babies born with congenital anatomical problems.

Obstructions in the urinary tract:The risk of urinary tract infection is also high in pathological conditions that prevent urine flow, such as kidney stones or prostate enlargement.

Immune system weakness:Diabetes and other diseases that impair the body’s immune system, which allows it to defend against germs, can increase the risk of urinary tract infections.

Catheter use: The risk of urinary tract infection is higher in those who use a permanent or temporary urinary catheter because they are unable to urinate. The majority of these patients are patients with neurological problems such as stroke.

Applied medical interventions or surgeries:Instrumental examinations applied in kidney and urinary tract surgeries increase the risk of urinary tract infection.

Not paying attention to hygiene:Wet environments such as pools, seas, Turkish baths, saunas, staying in the cold, insufficient fluid intake and related insufficient urine output increase the risk for urinary tract infections.

What are the Side Effects and Complications of Kidney and Urinary Tract Infection?

If urinary tract infections are not treated timely and appropriately, they can lead to some complications and cause problems with serious consequences. These complications are:

Frequent urinary tract infection: Especially in women who have two or more urinary tract infections in a six-month period, or four or more urinary tract infections in a year, recurrent infections occur and may cause a chronic basis, for example, chronic cystitis. .

What happens if kidney infections are not treated?: Urinary tract infection that is not treated in a timely and appropriate manner can cause acute or chronic kidney infection (pyelonephritis) and permanent kidney damage. They can cause the development of serious conditions such as kidney damage, kidney abscess, kidney failure, mixing of infection into the blood, hypertension. Permanent kidney damage and chronic pyelonephritis occur. This situation is not infrequent.

In pregnancy:Urinary tract infection in pregnant women that is not treated in a timely and appropriate manner poses a risk of giving birth to a low birth weight or premature baby.

Constriction in the urinary tract:Especially in men, untreated or recurrent gonorrhea, that is, gonorrhea, can cause permanent stenosis in the urinary tract.

Sepsis:When urinary tract infections are not treated timely and appropriately, a life-threatening complication of sepsis, that is, the inflammation that mixes with the blood and spreads to the whole body, may occur.

Can Kidney and Urinary Tract Infections Be Prevented?

Drinking plenty of fluids:An optimal amount of fluid, or especially water, is the most valid and safe way to prevent urinary tract infection.

Cranberry juice:Although studies are not conclusive about the fact that cranberry juice prevents urinary tract infections, the data on this subject is accepted.

Proper Cleansing: It is important to do the cleaning work from front to back after eliminating the need for the toilet, so that the spread of bacteria in the anal area to the vagina and urinary canal is relatively prevented.

Urinating immediately after sexual contact:Draining the urine immediately after intercourse, possible bacterial entry during intercourse will be washed and cleaned with urine, if there is no urine, it may be necessary to consume liquid and urinate.

Pay attention to the cosmetics and cleaning products used: Potentially irritating feminine products should be avoided. Using other feminine products such as deodorants, shower gels, and powders on the genital area can irritate the urinary tract.

Using the appropriate method of birth control:Vaginal diaphragms, lubricants, and spermicide condoms used to prevent pregnancy are all considered risk factors for urinary tract infections.

How Is Kidney and Urinary Tract Infection Diagnosed?

Tests and procedures used to diagnose urinary tract infections include:

Urine Examination:A urine sample is taken to look for inflammatory cells, namely white blood cells, blood cells or bacteria.

Urine Culture: Urine culture taken under sterile conditions; may be necessary to detect the bacteria causing the infection and to test which antibiotic it is susceptible to.

Imaging of the urinary tract:Ultrasound, computed tomography (CT) scan or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may be performed when necessary in patients who have frequent urinary tract infections, which may suggest that it may be due to some abnormality in the urinary tract.

Endoscopic imaging-cystoscopy:An endoscope with a camera, or cystoscopy, may be required to examine the urinary tract and bladder.

Antibiotics are used as the first step in the treatment of urinary tract infections. is the treatment. Which drugs are prescribed and for how long depends on the condition of the infection. With appropriate treatment, the symptoms of urinary tract infection, ie cystitis, may disappear spontaneously within 24 hours. However, the course of the disease is related to the type of microbe and the elimination of existing risk factors. Urinary tract infection that is not treated well can become chronic and intractable, the infection can spread higher, that is to the kidneys, even mix with the blood and spread to the whole body, It can be life-threatening when it spreads throughout the body.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is hematuria: The presence of blood and blood cells (erythrocytes) in the urine visually or under the microscope is called “hematuria” or “bloody urine”. This may be visible (gross) or on urinalysis (microscopic hematuria). In both cases it is important to identify the cause of the bleeding. The sight of blood in the urine is a cause for concern and although in most cases the cause is harmless, blood in the urine (hematuria); It can be a symptom of a serious disease such as bladder cancer, kidney and prostate cancer, kidney and urinary tract stones.

What does acute cystitis mean? : What is acute cystitis? Cystitis means inflammation of the bladder, that is, the urinary bladder, that is, it refers to the urinary tract inflammation especially seen in women. Many women suffer from cystitis, or urinary tract infection, at least once in their lifetime. It gives a symptom such as the feeling of constantly peeing (female). Cystitis, urinary tract infection, which is not treated appropriately and on time, can be made to the kidneys and other parts of the body.

What is urethritis: It is an infectious disease that is sexually transmitted, infects only humans, manifests itself with burning (dysuria) when urinating in men and yellow-green discharge (purulent) in the urinary tract (urethral) and does not give many symptoms in women. Gonorrhea most commonly affects the urinary tract (urethra), rectum, or throat. In women, gonorrhea affects the cervix more. There is a risk of infecting people with whom you are in a relationship with gonorrhea (gonorrhea) that is not treated or treated inappropriately. Waiting for it to go away on its own is a huge risk, it can have significant consequences.

Which doctor to go to for cystitis:For cystitis, it is necessary to go to a urology doctor, that is, a bevliye.

What is good for urinary tract infection, how is cystitis cured, cystitis treatment, cystitis medicine, what is good for cystitis, medicine for cystitis, cystitis medicines, over-the-counter cystitis medicine, over-the-counter urinary tract infection medicine, what is good for urinary tract infection:These and similar questions are related to the treatment of cystitis, according to which urinary tract infection, that is, cystitis, is basically treated with antiseptics and antibiotics.

Cystitis during pregnancy, urinary tract infection natural treatment during pregnancy: Urinary tract infection in pregnant women that is not treated in a timely and appropriate manner causes the risk of giving birth to a low birth weight or premature baby. It is important to be treated in the appropriate dose and for the appropriate time. For this, it is also important to choose more drugs that will not harm the pregnancy. Natural treatment of urinary tract infection during pregnancy: There are some recommendations compiled from traditional folk culture such as Calendula Tea, Chamomile Tea, Garlic, Grape Seed Extract, Fennel, Acidic and Fibrous Foods. There is no scientifically proven product. Cranberry-cranberry juice is the most well-known natural remedy.

Urinary tract infection natural treatment women’s club, or Urinary tract infection natural remedies women’s club, urinary tract infection herbal tea, urinary tract infection herbal treatment women’s club, urinary tract inflammation herbal treatment parsley : This club or website is devoid of scientific data, it is a site that states that natural herbs are good for the urinary tract and gives advice. It gives some advice compiled from traditional folk culture such as Calendula Tea, Chamomile Tea, Garlic, Grape Seed Extract, Fennel, Parsley Juice, Acidic and Fibrous Foods. There is no scientifically proven product. Cranberry-cranberry juice is the most well-known natural remedy.

Does cold feet cause urinary tract infection: Yes, it can. Especially women walking around barefoot, walking without slippers, stepping on cold areas, walking around in wet swimsuits invite urinary tract infections. This is even more important in those who have frequent urinary tract infections.

What is good for urinary tract infection in babies: Especially in small babies who have a urinary tract infection with fever, their sucking is impaired at first, and it would be appropriate to properly examine the kidneys and urinary tracts of these babies, as well as urine and blood tests and imaging tests. If it is a simple urinary tract infection, antibiotics can be used, but infants with poor oral intake and poor general condition are hospitalized and treated.

What is uromycin; It is a disposable fosfomycin antiseptic with the same content as uromycin monurol. In simple urinary tract infections, a single dose of 3 g powder is mixed with water and drunk.

Which department to go to for urinary tract infection, which department to go to for urinary tract infection in women, which doctor checks for urinary tract infection, what urology looks at: Urology department looks after and treats urinary tract infection. urologists deal with this disease.

Is urinary tract infection contagious?Urinary tract infection is a bacterial infection, that is, a microbial disease and contagious. It can be transmitted especially by sexual contact or other forms of contact.

How to identify kidney inflammation:Kidney inflammation symptoms, kidney cold symptoms, include:

  • Back pain or flank pain, kidney pain

  • High fever, up to 40 degrees

  • In 50% of patients, bacteria can enter the blood, inflammation can spread to the whole body

  • chills and shivering

  • Nausea

  • Vomiting

Causes kidney inflammation, what does pyelonephritis mean: Kidney inflammation” or “kidney infection” is actually a type of urinary tract infection and is called “pyelonephritis” in medicine. Kidney infections usually start in the lower part of the urinary tract, that is, in the bladder, urinary canal, or especially in women, as a genital infection. In addition, kidney stones, congenital abnormalities (VUR-vescoureteral reflux, strictures, anatomical disorders, etc.) cause a direct kidney infection in cases that cause urine ponding or are the source of infection itself.

Does urinary tract infection cause kidney pain? He can. Kidney infections usually start in the lower part of the urinary tract, that is, in the bladder, urinary canal, or especially in women, as a genital infection.

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