1) What are the symptoms of Rhythm Disorder? that we have such a disease
how do we know
The most common symptom of arrhythmia is palpitation. Moreover, the sensation of misfire, heart
heartbeats, dizziness, lightheadedness, malaise, chest
feeling distressed, pressure or pain, loss of consciousness expressed as syncope are common symptoms
between. When one or more of these symptoms are present,
should be suspected and consult the relevant specialist.
2) How is the heart rhythm achieved? How does this perfect order work?
The part of the heart that provides non-stop rhythmic beats
energy called the “sinus node”, which consists of specialized cells and atria.
is the power plant. This power plant is like a very long-lasting battery. It produces electrical energy. This
energy spreads to the whole heart in certain ways, first electrical movement and then
initiates and controls mechanical movement. This center is the administrative center of the heart.
3) How is the heart rhythm disrupted? What are the causes of rhythm disorders?
Heart rhythm, either malfunctions in the heart’s control center or interruptions in conduction pathways
or excess in conduction pathways or cells elsewhere in the heart
because the community acts according to its own mind by not listening to the center.
it breaks down.
There are many causes of deterioration. Involving heart muscle such as myocarditis, cardiomyopathy
some diseases can damage cells in the headquarters, or otherwise
The damaged cells in the region lose their normal functions and become disorganized.
can create rhythms. Tachycardia in hyperthyroidism and anemia, bradycardia in hypothyroidism and
blocks are common in rhythm disorders. Rhythm in coronary insufficiency
bradycardia and blocks due to malnutrition of the heart muscle,
Uncontrolled tachycardias arising from infarct or ischemia sites are important and frequent.
rhythm disturbances. Some defects in the conduction pathways, congenital
it could be. Tachycardias due to these, RF catheter after electrophysiological procedure
It can be cured radically with ablation. Severe bradycardia or blocks, pacemaker
It can be cured by inserting a pacemaker.
4) What kind of difficulties (if any) are there in the diagnosis of this disease?
should you doubt?
Rhythm disorders are very diverse, their treatments vary widely, and
Differential diagnosis is very important because some of them are life threatening. sometimes
Patients may take drugs unnecessarily for many years, and sometimes appropriate treatment may be required.
They can be lost because they don’t get it. The arrhythmia patient very carefully

should be evaluated, the main cause of the rhythm disorder, if any, should be revealed and treatment should be given.
should be planned accordingly.
5) What is the prevalence/prevalence of this disease? In our society
approximately how many people have it and at what age (if there is a ratio)
Rhythm disorders are common in society. It can be seen at almost any age.
6) What are the treatment methods of this disease, and their
What are activities? What are the side effects?
In the treatment, first of all, if there is an underlying cause, it should be eliminated. in treatment
We use certain drugs called “antiarrhythmics”. Which drug in which patient?
How long it will be used and how long the treatment will continue is a matter of expertise. Medicines are usually
suppression therapy, they almost never provide cure. Side effects are usually
are high, so they should be closely monitored.
7) Electrophysiological methods in the treatment of arrhythmia, what are they, how
is applied, what are the results, what is the effectiveness?
Electrophysiological Study and RF catheter ablation are usually used in the treatment of arrhythmia.
It provides cure and saves the patient from chronic drug use. An important part of this treatment
it has no side effects. The treatment is completed in the laboratory and within 1-2 hours on average.
The patient returns to his normal life the next day.
8) For what purpose are pacemakers and defibrillators (ICD) used?
How does their quality change, what should they pay attention to?
Pacemakers are generally used in the treatment of bradyarrhythmias, i.e. excessive heart rhythm.
It is used in cases of slowing down or development of heart block. bradyarrhythmias
If it is not due to a temporary cause, it usually does not benefit from drug therapy and the heart
battery (pacemaker) must be inserted.
Some tachyarrhythmias (such as ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation)
does not respond to treatment. RF ablation of some is also not possible. This
Patients should be fitted with a cardiac defibrillator. These devices also have pacemakers.
similar, but by delivering shock energy, ending the life-threatening rhythm and returning it to normal.
they save lives.
10) Quality of the process in pacemaker, ICD and electrophysiological applications
What determines?
The quality of the process is equipped with good equipment, well-trained in this regard, in a good center.
determined by a trained electrophysiologist. Arrhythmia is the integral of cardiology, so the most
is a tricky subject. The arithmologist must be very patient, very careful and long-term.

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