Ketogenic Diet and Skin Health

In addition to inflammatory skin diseases, the ketogenic diet has also been shown to be beneficial in the treatment of internal diseases that cause systemic organ involvement. The chronic inflammatory response creates cellular damage, inflammation and repair damage in the body; It can cause many problems such as neurodegenerative diseases, obesity, metabolic syndrome, cancer, autoimmune immune system diseases and chronic infections, which are common in today’s Western societies. In dermatology, many diseases such as skin cancers, psoriasis, eczema, acne, cryoporin-related periodic syndrome are observed as a result of this chronic inflammation.

  1. weight loss

  2. Controlling the airflow

  3. Improvement in mitochondrial function

  4. Improvement in nervous system function

  5. Significant reduction in cardiovascular disease risk factors

  6. Increase in athletic performance

  7. Improvement in the quality of life of cancer patients

  8. Increase in metabolic activity and decrease in inflammation (reduction of germ-free inflammation)

In this diet, which aims to minimize carbohydrate intake and start fat burning from the state of ketosis, daily carbohydrate intake should be below 50 grams. In the state of ketosis, the body begins to use ketone bodies as an energy source. The ketogenic diet list should be prepared very meticulously by considering these ratios. In the case of ketosis in the body, ketone bodies begin to be used for energy by the cells, and this starts after the glycogen stores in the body are converted into energy. Ketones are used as an energy source because carbohydrates do not enter the body. When you go into ketosis, some signals start in the body, the fat metabolism process starts due to the lack of carbohydrates, and even brain cells use ketone bodies as an energy source. In general, the ketogenic diet can increase the rate of weight loss up to 2 times, and keeping a diet diary and getting nutritional counseling can facilitate this. The recommended daily lists for Turkey in the ketogenic diet can be given as follows;

Breakfast:2-3 eggs, fatty cheese, cucumber, avocado or 2 egg omelette with butter and boiled broccoli

Snack-1:Peanuts, walnuts, hazelnuts, almonds or oats with a bowl of yogurt

Lunch: Meat and vegetables, yogurt (Onions, carrots and tomatoes can be used sparingly or not at all, as they contain carbohydrates) or a green salad with chicken

Snack-2:Boiled eggs, cucumbers or nuts for energy

Evening: Turkey, chicken, avocado salad can be preferred. Or Meatballs, meat or fish dishes, peanuts after meals and kefir before bedtime can be recommended.

Among the vegetable dishes, the low-carbohydrate foods recommended in the ketogenic diet can be listed as follows;

  1. Pea

  2. Broccoli

  3. Red pepper

  4. Spinach

  5. Mushrooms

  6. cherry tomatoes

  7. Celery

  8. Cauliflower

  9. red berries

Foods That Must Be In The Ketogenic Diet: In this diet, protein and fat weight, but since there is carbohydrate restriction, white meat, red meat and eggs form the basic nutrients of the ketogenic diet. Vitamin and mineral support is very important, and vitamins such as B vitamins, potassium, calcium, selenium and zinc must be taken through food. Fish species rich in omega-3 should be included in the ketogenic diet, natural poultry meat and eggs should be consumed. In the ketogenic diet, seafood such as avocado, cheese, cottage cheese, eggs, red meat, poultry, salmon, mackerel, sardines, oysters, mussels, octopus, oysters and squid, yogurt, kefir, dark chocolate, cocoa powder, coconut oil, olive oil, nuts, red fruits such as strawberries, watermelon, blackberries, black mulberries, blueberries, butter or milk cream, olives, unsweetened tea and coffee can be found.

Patient Groups For Which Ketogenic Diet Is Recommended: This diet has been used in the treatment of some diseases since the past and is especially recommended for those with neurological diseases. In diseases such as Parkinson’s, seizure patients, dementia, Alzheimer’s disease, and brain tumor, ketones can help improve brain cell functions. This ketogenic diet is also recommended for skin and general body health for anti-aging purposes, and with this diet, glucose entry in the body is reduced and cell regeneration is accelerated. It is a type of diet that is recommended for people with metabolic disease and overweight and should be applied individually. There are three types of ketogenic diets, and one of these diet types can be selected according to the disease, other accompanying conditions, body structure and patient desire or taste. The standard ketogenic diet is used for medical treatment, healing or stopping some diseases, and in this type of ketogenic diet, 90% of the dietary content is met from fats. The amount of protein and carbohydrates is very low. The high protein ketogenic diet is the type that provides weight control and is used by athletes, this diet uses 60% fat and makes body development possible with its high protein content. 35% protein and 5% carbohydrate intake is recommended in this high protein ketogenic diet. Medium chain triglyceride consumption, on the other hand, provides easy weight loss as it causes an increase in the amount of calories used by the body.

Considerations During the Ketogenic Diet: Plenty of fluid intake should be recommended. Because during the ketogenic diet, there is rapid fluid excretion from the body, and it is very important to regularly control the fluid intake and the amount of electrolytes in the body by the doctor to complete this deficiency. Attention should be paid to adequate fiber intake and there should not be a lack of dietary fiber intake. Fiber intake should not be confused with carbohydrate, daily fiber intake should be increased up to 30 grams. The ketogenic diet, which has been shown to be beneficial in many conditions such as diabetes, cancer and neurological diseases, can be very beneficial thanks to rapid fat burning. Ketogenic diets for medical purposes can be done until the disease ends or until the desired goal in weight loss is reached. It can be terminated gradually after the desired state of well-being. However, by increasing the amount of carbohydrates a little more, this diet can be applied for life and its beneficial effects can be continued to be observed. However, a certain amount of carbohydrate intake must be ensured.

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