Jaw Orthopedics and Maxillofacial Surgery

Jaw development problems (developmental deficiency or excess) and asymmetries not only affect jaw and jaw joint functions, but also adversely affect facial appearance and facial aesthetics. Although mostly genetic factors are effective, environmental factors can also be effective in the development of these disorders. Age is very important in the treatment of jaw problems. While it is possible to treat with chin orthopedics at an early age, chin surgeries (orthognathic surgery) may be required in later ages.

Jaw Orthopedics:

In children in growth and developmental age, jaw problems (developmental deficiency, excess of the jaws, etc.) can be treated with extraoral and intraoral devices. In this sense, age is very important, if the growth and development period is passed, jaw surgeries may be required to correct these problems. Children with stenosis of the jaw, excess or insufficient development of the jaw should be examined by an orthodontist at an early age (between 9-14 years).

Orthognathic Surgery:

Jaw irregularities (insufficient or overdevelopment of the jaws) and asymmetries in individuals who have completed their growth and development are treated with orthognathic surgery (jaw surgery). Usually, with orthodontic treatment (wire treatment or clear plaque treatment) before the surgery, the teeth are taken to their ideal positions in the jaw curves and surgical splints (plaques) are produced to guide the planned jaw movements before the surgery. A maxillofacial surgeon performs the operation with the splints produced. Usually, orthodontic treatment lasts for a few more months after the surgery and the treatment is terminated with the final arrangements.

With jaw surgery, teeth and jaws are placed in their ideal positions, and ideal chewing and speaking function is provided. In addition, dramatic changes are obtained in the appearance of the face.

Jaw Joint Treatment:

In today’s life, teeth grinding, jaw joint pain and joint noises are very common. Factors such as closure disorder, stress, and early contact cause jaw joint disorders. The jaw joint (temporomandibular joint) has a rather complex structure. There are two jaw joints, right and left.

Joint problems initially manifest themselves as clicking sounds, mild pain and slipping of the jaw. In the later stages, in addition to these, symptoms such as severe pain, pain spreading to the head-neck and ear region, limitation in mouth opening are seen.

Although several different treatment methods are applied in joint disorders, joint splints are mostly applied. The joint splint is used to reduce the loads on the jaw joint and disc, to relax the muscles and to create the ideal closing muscle memory, and to allow the repair of damaged tissues in the temporomandibular joint area.

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