Tests to check for coronary heart disease are usually the same in men and women. However, the sensitivities of some diagnostic tests in men and women differ. Some of these tests are:
● Blood tests, including tests to check cholesterol levels
● An electrocardiogram (“ECG”)– This test measures the electrical activity in your heart.
● Stress test – During a stress test, also called an exercise test, your doctor records your EKG as you exercise on a treadmill or bike. Physical activity increases the heart’s need for blood. This test helps doctors tell if the heart is getting enough blood. If you can’t walk or run, your doctor may do this test by giving you a medicine to make your heart pump faster.
● Echocardiography (echo) – This test uses sound waves to create a vivid, moving picture of your heart. Your doctor uses a device called a “transducer” or “probe” to send sound waves to the heart. Sound waves create images that show the size of the heart chambers, how well the heart is pumping, and how well the heart valves are working.
● Stress Echocardiography- Sometimes doctors run a test called a “stress test” along with a TTE. A stress test measures how well your heart is working when pumping too fast. When the heart pumping accelerates, the heart tissue also needs to receive more blood. The stress test shows whether the heart is getting enough blood while in this state. When a stress test is done in conjunction with an echocardiogram imaging, it is called a “stress echocardiogram.” It is a very valuable test in evaluating the blood supply of the heart, especially in women.
● Nuclear heart test – During this test, the doctor applies a small amount of radioactive material to the vein with the help of a needle. Then a special camera takes pictures of the heart.
● Cardiac catheterization, coronary angiography- During this test, the doctor inserts a thin tube into a drop of blood in your leg or arm. Then it moves the tube towards your heart. When the tube comes to the required place, it can detect a clogged artery or take actions to unclog it, thanks to the special substances to be given. (balloon or stent applications)can be removed through this tube.
● Computed Tomographic Angiography – It is an imaging method performed by administering drugs from the arm vein, which is used for imaging the main veins in the body. Coronary arteries can be visualized in seconds with CT Coronary Angiography. In addition, 3D images can be made using special computer programs.
● Magnetic imaging of the heart-It is a non-invasive advanced imaging examination used to evaluate heart functions without using ionizing radiation that can be harmful to the body.