Ringworm; It is a rapid hair loss in areas where hair is dense, such as hair, eyebrows, beard and eyelashes. It manifests itself with bald areas that are clearly visible from the outside as round or oval on the scalp. Ringworm that can be seen in both women and men; It is more common in men and young people than women. Since it is a condition that significantly affects the external appearance of the person, it can also cause psychological problems. Treatment should be done as soon as possible to prevent loss of self-confidence.
What causes ringworm (Alopecia areata)?
Although the exact cause of ringworm is not known, autoimmune causes are thought to be the cause. It occurs when the body sees its own cells and tissues as foreign. As a result, the immune system goes into defense against the cells in it. When defense cells attack the hair follicles, hair growth stops and leads to hair loss. We can say that ringworm is actually an infectious disease.
In line with other researches, it has been observed that ringworm is closely related to genetic factors. The incidence of this disease in a child with a family history of ringworm is 3 to 6 times more common than normal. And also; some diseases may also occur together with ringworm and may support the effect of genetic factors. For example:
chronic inflammatory thyroid condition
atopic allergic asthma
What are the risk factors for ringworm (Alopecia areata)?
Ringworm disease usually occurs under the age of 40. Men tend to be caught more than women, and especially young individuals are in the risk group. Genetic predisposition, presence of down syndrome and autoimmune diseases; are important factors in the emergence of ringworm.
What are the symptoms of ringworm (Alopecia areata)?
Symptoms of ringworm are often characteristic. It manifests itself with smooth, oval or balding areas in one or more areas of the scalp. The skin in the relevant area is healthy and there is no inflammation. There is only hair loss. This loss starts in the scalp; however, many hairy areas, from eyelashes, eyebrows, armpits, beard and pubic hair, can be exposed to the effect of ringworm. Also, changes in nail structure can be observed. The course of the disease is unpredictable and in some cases it can be chronically recurrent.
In the disease process; Spontaneous recovery, stabilization or worsening of course may be observed. When the hair grows back in the balding area, it comes as white in the first place.
How is ringworm (Alopecia areata) diagnosed?
In ringworm, the symptoms are typical. The disease can be easily understood even without the expert doctor’s opinion. It would be best to consult a dermatologist for a definitive diagnosis. Our doctor will first question your symptoms and determine your degree of hair loss. It confirms the diagnosis by examining your hair sample under the microscope and, if necessary, takes a piece for definitive diagnosis and sends it to pathology.
Is hair transplantation done to the area with alopecia (Alopecia areata)?
Every hair on the body can be taken from the place where it is found with appropriate methods, and it can be transplanted to any desired part of the body, and the hair root planted in every living skin area holds. In other words, hair transplantation can be done from a different part of the body to the bald area that has been shed and opened due to ringworm or any other reason. The main problem is not the area, but the hair follicles. Because the shedding hair follicle is actually the main problem of the problem. When the non-infected hair follicle is taken and planted in the diseased area, it will hold and continue to grow in that area. In short, when a hair transplant is made to the area with ringworm, the hair stays in that area.
When should people with ringworm (Alopecia areata) transplant?
Regardless of the treatment, this should be continued for at least 6 to 8 months. If a slight improvement is observed at the end of this period, hair transplantation should be postponed and the treatment should be continued. It would be good to wait 8 to 12 months to make the decision “I want to have a hair transplant”. Because, even at this stage, there is a possibility of hair growth.