Intraoral Appliances in the Treatment of Sleep Apnea

Obstructive sleep apnea; It is defined as increased breathing effort and insufficient air intake as a result of obstruction of the upper respiratory tract for various reasons during sleep. The pause in breathing can last from a few seconds to minutes and can be repeated hundreds of times during a sleep period.

In individuals with sleep apnea complaints, snoring is 3-4 times more frequent and very noisy.

As the disease reduces sleep quality, it can lead to feeling tired all the time, lack of concentration and increasing the risk of accident in traffic.

Among the causes of sleep apnea; Conditions such as relaxation of the muscles in the throat and obstruction of the airway during breathing, excessive smoking, excessive weight, enlargement of the tonsils, presence of adenoids, insufficient development of the lower jaw, size of the tongue, wide soft palate can be counted.

For the definitive detection of the disease, a test called “polysomnography” is applied, in which the brain and respiratory activities of the person are evaluated all night long. Mild-moderate-severe apnea severity is determined according to the measured apnea-hypopnea index value.

Sleep apnea can be treated with various methods, from conservative treatments to major surgical interventions. Conservative treatments include intraoral appliances made by dentists. The aim of the treatment in oral appliances; It is to prevent the airway from being blocked during sleep by positioning the chin and tongue forward.

It has been proven by studies that the oral appliances applied by dentists improve the sleep quality and feel better by reducing the complaints completely or by reducing the complaints in mild and moderate sleep apnea patients.

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