insulin;It is a hormone released from the pancreas that helps to lower blood sugar, which enables the intake and use of sugar in tissues that use blood sugar such as muscle, fat and liver.
Insulin resistance;It is a state of resistance with decreased sensitivity to insulin, which plays a key role in the transport of sugar to the tissues.
In insulin resistance, the absorption of sugar into the tissues, its use and burning decreases and becomes more difficult. This causes more insulin to be released from the pancreas. The pancreas secretes more insulin and doubles its work for the use of sugar by the tissues. This situation both reduces the insulin reserve and the excess amount of insulin circulating in the blood prepares a suitable environment for the formation of chronic diseases such as obesity, hypertension and atherosclerosis.
Insulin resistance occurs as a result of genetic predisposition, sedentary lifestyle and unhealthy diet.
Increasing sedentary lifestyle, consumption of refined foods and tendency to “fast food” style diet are the factors that promote diabetes and obesity accompanying insulin resistance. Unfortunately, this diet and lifestyle is a picture we often encounter today.
The main symptoms of insulin resistance are:
1- Being above the ideal weight with rapid weight gain in the last 6 months – 1 year. Especially in the abdominal region, rapidly increasing adiposity increases the risk of insulin resistance.
2- As a result of the inability of the tissues to benefit from blood sugar enough, the feeling of hunger continues after the ‘quick hungry-late satiety’ meals, especially the desire to consume sugary-flour foods such as chocolate, candy, biscuits, cake, cookies (which mixes quickly with the blood and raises blood sugar).
3- tremor, blackout, cold sweat and/or feeling of faintness in the hand or standing,
4- Decreased desire to move, frequent sleepiness and falling into the vicious circle of inactivity and wrong eating habits
5- Increase in the desire to be thirsty in proportion to the increased blood sugar, frequent dry mouth
Insulin resistance should be suspected when you observe such situations and if there are people with obesity / diabetes in their family.
In this direction, you should have your insulin-insulin resistance checked by a specialist doctor and get help from a dietitian to achieve your ideal weight and health.